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The true fact about Khajuraho Temples

Many times we find that people often quote the Khajuraho Temples as an excuse to equate Hinduism and Hindu Deities with nudity and sex. What is actually Khajuraho, what does it contain and how many of the quoters have actually visited the Temples ? Here are the facts.

The name Khajuraho may be derived from khajura (date palm), which grows freely in the area and perhaps because there were two golden khajura trees on a carved gate here. The old name was Kharjuravahaka (scorpion bearer), the scorpion symbolizing poisonous lust. The temples were built under the late Chandela kings between 950 and 1050 AD in a truly inspired burst of creativity. With the fading of Chandela fortunes, the importance of Khajuraho waned but temple building continued until the 12th century at a much reduced pace.

The Chandelas were followers of the Tantric cult which believes that gratification of earthly desires is a step towards attaining the ultimate liberation. Tantrism has been mostly misunderstood and the Philosophical part of Tantras like the Mahanirvana Tantra have been totally forgotten. This was one of the reasons why Tantrics perished. Nevertheless it remains a distinct path of Spiritual Practice though it has very few followers all over the world.

The facts

1. It must be emphasized that Khajuraho Temples, do not contain sexual themes inside the Temple premises or near the deity but only on external carvings. They portray that for seeing the deity, one must leave his sexual desires outside the Temple. They also depict that the inner deity of the Temple is pure like the soul (atman) which is unaffected by sexual desires and other gross tendencies, destiny etc, whereas the external curvature and carvings of the Temples depict the bodily changes that occur in us.

2. Only as many as 10% carvings contain sexual themes, not between any deities but between ordinary humans. The rest depict the common man’s life of those days. For example ladies applying makeup, musicians, potters, Farmers etc. All these are away from Temple deities. They give the message that one should always have God as the central point in one’s life even though one is engaged in worldly activities.

3. It is a misconception that since Khajuraho are Temples, they depict sex between deities!

4. In Khajuraho Temples, the idols of Shiva, Nandi, Goddess Durga, Incarnations of Vishnu etc are fully clothed.

5. All over India, in no Temples have idols of Deities been shown nude and in sexual positions !

6. Types of beauty in the Hindu religion – Union of man and woman

‘The basic Universal Divine Energy (Shakti) is a symbol of the union of man and woman and it is the main spiritual emotion in Hindu art depicted in the man-woman sculptures seen in Amravati, Khajuraho, Konark, etc.Here Divine Energy (Shakti) manifests  in the man-woman union, the basis of Vedic art and culture. Sculptures in the Ajanta caves are also a depiction of the man and woman, but sexual congress is prohibited in the sculptures’.  Bharatiya Sanskruti Kosh, pages 166-169

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Muktinath is a sacred place both for Hindus and Buddists located in Muktinath Valley at an altitude of 3,710 meters at the foot of the Thorong La mountain pass (part of the Himalayas), Mustang, Nepal. The site is close to the village of Ranipauwa, which sometimes mistakenly is called Muktinath as well.
The Hindus call the sacred place Mukti Kshetra, which literally means the “place of liberation or moksha”. Mainly the temple is with a predominant Sri Vaishnavaorigin and worshipped by Buddhists. This temple is considered to be the 105th among the available 108 Divya Dasam. The ancient name of this place, before Buddhist origin is known as Thiru Saligramam. This houses the Saligrama sila considered to be the naturally available form of Sriman Narayan- the Hindu God HEAD. It is also one of the 51 Sakti peetams. The Buddhists call it Chumig Gyatsa, which in Tibetan means ‘Hundred Waters’. For Tibetan Buddhists, Muktinath-Chumig Gyatsa is a very important place of Dakinis, goddesses known as Sky Dancers and one of the 24 Tantric places. They understand the sculpture to be a manifestation of Avalokitesovara.
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Krishna Temple

Krishna Temple

Krishna Mandir, a Hindu temple dedicated to the Hindu deity Krishna, is located in WachhowaliRang Mahal, in Lahore, Pakistan. Wachhowali is a narrow commercial and residential lane, and has several Hindu temples, which are managed and maintained by the Evacuee Trust Property Board (EPTB).
The Evacuee Trust Property Board had previously allocated a sum of Rs 1.2 million in January 2005 for the renovation and extension of Krishna Mandir. The temple had been badly damaged in clashes that took place after the demolition of BabriMosque in India in the 1990s. The website of the Minorities Affairs Division of the Pakistan government states that the tender for the renovation and extension of the temple was awarded on March 31, 2005 and over half of the work had been completed by June 30, 2005. The temple was to be completely restored by June 2006.
The unique architecture and style of this temple has tempted all the tourists of other country. we can find numbers of hotels and lodges so that there will be no problem for lodging and fooding.
Posted in भारतीय मंदिर - Bharatiya Mandir

No Lord Krishna temple demolished: Pakistan Hindu Council

No Lord Krishna temple demolished: Pakistan Hindu Council

Swami Narayan Mandir,Pakistan

Karachi : A Hindu organisation in Pakistan today said there were land disputes in some of the temples here, but denied that any shrine of Lord Krishna had been demolished in the county’s financial hub.

“There is a problem of land occupation with some temples particularly with the Swami Narayan temple located around M.A. Jinnah road but otherwise there has been no case of temple demolition,” said Dr Ramesh Kumar, the Patron of Pakistan Hindu Council (PHC).

Kumar and General-Secretary of PHC Hari Motwani denied any knowledge of a temple being demolished in the city.

“If something like this happened we would know about it and we would not keep quiet about it,” Kumar told PTI.

He said a portion of the land on which Swami Narayan temple was built, dating back to 150 years, was occupied by transporters who used the land to park their vehicles and as a garage.

“We are constantly in touch with the relevant authorities and also with the Evacuee Board on this issue,” he said.

An Indian news channel reported today that a Lord Krishna temple had been demolished in Karachi and its 20 acres land occupied by a nationalist party of Sindh.

However, the Chairman of the Evacuee board, Ahmed Hashmi, denied it.

“There is a Krishna Mandir in frère town and it is used by Hindus for their religious rites. There is a small problem over a boundary wall and nothing more,” he said.

Motwani said the problems of land occupation often took place as all temples were looked after by the Hindu council while the evacuee board also claimed control over them.

He said the Hindu Council had asked the authorities in Defence Ministry to allot a plot to the council so that they could build a Gurdwara and Mandir there.

Posted in भारतीय मंदिर - Bharatiya Mandir

Destruction of Hindu Temples in Kashmir BY: SUN STAFF

Destruction of Hindu Temples in Kashmir BY: SUN STAFF

Mata Vaishno Devi’s Cave Shrine

Jul 29, KASHMIR, INDIA (SUN) — While Kashmir’s Hindu temples continue to be destroyed, rebuilding has also begun.
In Srinigar, India, news was announced yesterday that “an amalgam of 16 Kashmiri Pandit Organizations have formed a trust for restoration and reconstruction of over 200 temples and shrines destroyed by Islamic militancy in the valley and demanded financial aid from the Centre and Jammu and Kashmir. “We have launched Kashmir Temple Trust for reconstruction of all the temples and shrines destroyed in 17 years long militancy period in valley.”
The All Party Migrant Coordination Committee (APMCC) has constructed and repaired temples and associated religious places in Rupabhawani, Vaskura (Ganderbal), Kheerbhawani (Devesar), Siva temple and 5,000-year old Deities at Dab Wakura. Two shrines of Prayag (Sangam–Shadipora) and Kheerbhawani Manzgam are under construction.


Destruction of a Vishnu shrine in Kashmir

As noted in a 2003 report from the Tribune, the Shankaracharya Temple in Kashmir (pictured below) is also on the list of temples need urgent attention. “The 5000-year-old black stone Shiva temple, seat of Adhi Shankaracharya in northern India, set against the picturesque backdrop of world famous Dal Lake, awaits immediate restoration, as its multiple cracks and erosion remained unattended during the past 13 years of militancy in Jammu and Kashmir. The temple has developed 16 cracks on its unique architectured roof top and bewitching circumference due to the utter negligence of the Dharmarth Temple Trust.
While 37 Hindu shrines were allegedly converted into Islamic monuments or destroyed during the advent of Islam in Kashmir, 39 temples were damaged or destroyed during the 1986 riots, 15 temples damaged from 1987 to 1990 and 21 shrines damaged and destroyed between 1990 to 1992.” That damage has continued until today, as the list of damaged and destroyed Hindu temples increases.
“There are as many as 200 temples and other shrines which have been either damaged or destroyed in the militancy and over 100 places which have been forcibly encroached in the valley, he said. “We will also help the Muslim majority community in the valley to preserve major shrines which are in shambles like Uma Nagri, Manzgam Kheerbhawani, Omh, Vethvatur, Jawala Bagwati shrines in the valley in first place,” Pandit said.”

Temple Desecration

According to the Panun Kashmir Movement, a Jammu based organizaton representing Kashmiri pandits, “Desecration, damage and destruction of temples is not new and unusual phenomena. The process has been continuously going on ever since Kashmir passed into political domination of Muslim rulers in the first quarter of fourteenth century.
Islam like other Semitic religions enjoins upon the faithfuls to expand their religion by proselytizing the heathens, infidels and ‘kafirs’ (non-believers) to their faith to gain religious merit. “Jihad” or holy war is the instrument that is used for proselytizatlon. The Muslim rulers of Kashmir, the Mughals and Pathans made full use of their political authority to effect conversion of Hindus of the valley. To achieve the objective it became imperative for them to wipe out all traces of religious and cultural symbols of Hindus which included their temples, libraries, universities and ashrams etc.
In Kashmir gun powder was used for the first time not for fighting a war but for destroying massive Hindu stone temples. When it was felt that the fissionable material was not available in sufficient quantity for the iconoclasm, the nearby jungles were cut and used for setting on fire the giant stone structures of Hindu Temples. By excessive heat the stones burst, broke-away and crumbled these gigantic structures that spread through the length and breadth of Kashmir. The ruins of Martand, Avantipur, Devar etc. are mute witnesses of the depredation.”

The Kashmir Information Network (KIN) was established to track and document the systemic destruction of Hindu temples by Islamic rebels and terrorists. KIN reports that “Since 1990, planned and organized secessionist-terrorism has brutalized Kashmir, the valley of peace and exquisite beauty. Systematic efforts have been made to destroy its syncretic culture, traditions, and heritage, by an orgy of mindless violence fueled by religious fanaticism and extremism, aided and abetted from across India’s borders.
Terrorism has taken the lives of more than 2000 innocent men, women and children; the terrorists have indulged wantonly in abduction, rape, murder, arson, extortion and looting. Government officials, political leaders and workers, members of judiciary, print and electronic presspersons, and prominent citizens have been threatened, attacked and killed. Religious “codes of conduct” have been imposed on common people, and there has been large scale destruction of public and private property including over 400 secular state schools. More than 350,000 people of the minority community have had to flee their homes in the valley and today live as refugees in other parts of their own state and country. This is the “accomplishment” of the secessionists proxy-war in Kashmir.
Following is but a partial list of the Hindu temples and shrines that have been seriously damaged or destroyed in Kashmir:
Posted in भारतीय मंदिर - Bharatiya Mandir

Aurangzeb ordered destruction of all Hindu temples and schools: As many as 5,000 temples were destroyed under him—a minimum of 200 in 1679 alone

Aurangzeb ordered destruction of all Hindu temples and schools: As many as 5,000 temples were destroyed under him—a minimum of 200 in 1679 alone

It is not just for “political reasons” that Hindus want to build grand temples at the sites of the (wrecked) Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, the Gyanvapi mosque in Varanasi, and the Mathura idgah. The efforts of Hindus to rebuild the Ram Mandir, the Kashi Vishwanath Mandir, and the Krishna Mandir are just three episodes m a one-thousand year long Hindu struggle to reclaim their culture and religion from alien invaders.

The demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992 was just one episode in the millennial struggle of the Hindus to repossess their religion-centered culture and nation. Meanwhile, hundreds of ancient Hindu temples forsaken all over Hindustan await the reawakening of Hindu cultural pride to be repaired or rebuilt and restored to their original, ancient glory.
On the anniversary of the Babri Masjid demolition (December 6, 1992), it is important for Hindus (and Muslims) to understand the importance of the event in the context of Hindustan’s history, past and recent, present and the future.

Savages at a very low level of civilisation and no culture worth the name, from Arabia and west Asia, began entering India from the early century onwards. Islamic invaders demolished countless Hindu temples, shattered uncountable sculpture and idols, plundered innumerable palaces and forts of Hindu kings, killed vast numbers of Hindu men and carried off Hindu women. This story, the educated-and a lot of even the illiterate Indians-know very well. History books tell it in remarkable detail. But many Indians do not seem to recognise that the alien Muslim marauders destroyed the historical evolution of the earth’s most mentally advanced civilisation, the most richly imaginative culture, and the most vigorously creative society.

It is clear that India at the time when Muslim invaders turned towards it (8 to 11th century) was the earth’s richest region for its wealth in precious and semi-precious stones, gold and silver, religion and culture, and its fine arts and letters. Tenth century Hindustan was also too far advanced than its contemporaries in the East and the West for its achievements in the realms of speculative philosophy and scientific theorising, mathematics and knowledge of nature’s workings. Hindus of the early medieval period were unquestionably superior in more things than the Chinese, the Persians (including the Sassanians), the Romans and the Byzantines of the immediate proceeding centuries. The followers of Siva and Vishnu on this subcontinent had created for themselves a society more mentally evolved-joyous and prosperous too-than had been realised by the Jews, Christians, and Muslim monotheists of the time. Medieval India, until the Islamic invaders destroyed it, was history’s most richly imaginative culture and one of the five most advanced civilisations of all times.

Look at the Hindu art that Muslim iconoclasts severely damaged or destroyed. Ancient Hindu sculpture is vigorous and sensual in the highest degree-more fascinating than human figural art created anywhere else on earth. (Only statues created by classical Greek artists are in the same class as Hindu temple sculpture). Ancient Hindu temple architecture is the most awe-inspiring, ornate and spell-binding architectural style found anywhere in the world. (The Gothic art of cathedrals in France is the only other religious architecture that is comparable with the intricate architecture of Hindu temples). No artist of any historical civilisation have ever revealed the same genius as ancient Hindustan’s artists and artisans.

Their minds filled with venom against the idol-worshippers of Hindustan, the Muslims destroyed a large number of ancient Hindu temples. This is a historical fact, mentioned by Muslim chroniclers and others of the time. A number of temples were merely damaged and remained standing. But a large number-not hundreds but many thousands-of the ancient temples were broken into shreds of cracked stone. In the ancient cities of Varanasi and Mathura, Ujjain and Maheshwar, Jwalamukhi and Dwarka, not one temple survives whole and intact from the ancient times.

The wrecking of Hindu temples went on from the early years of the 8th century to well past 1700 AD a period of almost 1000 years. Every Muslim ruler in Delhi (or Governor of Provinces) spent most of his time warring against Hindu kings in the north and the south, the east and the west, and almost every Muslim Sultan and his army commanders indulged in largescale destructions of Hindu temples and idols. They also slaughtered a lot of Hindus. It is easy to conclude that virtually every Hindu temple built in the ancient times is a perfect work of art. The evidence of the ferocity with which the Muslim invaders must have struck at the sculptures of gods and goddesses, demons and apsaras, kings and queens, dancers and musicians is frightful. At so many ancient temples of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, for example, shattered portions of stone images still lie scattered in the temple courtyards. Considering the fury used on the idols and sculptures, the stone-breaking axe must have been applied to thousands upon thousands of images of hypnotic beauty.

Giving proof of the resentment that men belonging to an inferior civilisation feel upon encountering a superior civilisation of individuals with a more refined culture, Islamic invaders from Arabia and western Asia broke and burned everything beautiful they came across in Hindustan. So morally degenerate were the Muslim Sultans that, rather than attract Hindu “infidels” to Islam through force of personal example and exhortation, they just built a number of mosques at the sites of torn down temples-and foolishly pretended they had triumphed over the minds and culture of the Hindus. I have seen stones and columns of Hindu temples incorportated into the architecture of several mosques, including the Jama Masjid and Ahmed Shah Masjid in Ahmedabad; the mosque in the Uparkot fort of Junagadh (Gujarat) and in Vidisha (near Bhopal); the Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra right next to the famous dargah in Ajmer-and the currently controversial Bhojshala “mosque” in Dhar (near Indore). Hindu culture was at its imaginative best and vigorously creative when the severely-allergic-to-images Muslims entered Hindustan. Islamic invaders did not just destroy countless temples and constructions but also suppressed cultural and religious practices; damaged the pristine vigour of Hindu religion, prevented the intensification of Hindu culture, debilitating it permanently, stopped the development of Hindu arts ended the creative impulse in all realms of thought and action, damaged the people’s cultural pride, disrupted the transmission of values and wisdom, cultural practices and tradition from one generation to the next; destroyed the proper historical evolution of Hindu kingdoms and society, affected severely the acquisition of knowledge, research and reflection and violated the moral basis of Hindu society. The Hindus suffered immense psychic damage. The Muslims also plundered the wealth of the Hindu kingdoms, impoverished the Hindu populace, and destroyed the prosperity of Hindustan.

Gaze in wonder at the Kailas Mandir in the Ellora caves and remember that it is carved out of a solid stone hill, an effort that (inscriptions say) took nearly 200 years. This is art as devotion. The temple built by the Rashtrakuta kings (who also built the colossal sculpture in the Elenhanta caves off Mumbai harbour) gives proof of the ancient Hindus’ religious fervor.

But the Kailas temple also indicated a will power, a creative imagination, and an intellect eager to take on the greatest of artistic challenges.

The descendants of those who built the magnificent temples of Bhojpur and Thanjavur, Konark and Kailas, invented mathematics and brain surgery, created mindbody disciplines (yoga) of astonishing power, and built mighty empires would almost certainly have attained technological superiority over Europe.

It is not just for “political reasons” that Hindus want to build grand temples at the sites of the (wrecked) Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, the Gyanvapi mosque in Varanasi, and the Mathura idgah. The efforts of religion-intoxicated and politically active Hindus to rebuild the Ram Mandir, the Kashi Vishwanath Mandir, and the Krishna Mandir are just three episodes m a one-thousand year long Hindu struggle to reclaim their culture and religion from alien invaders.

The demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992 was just one episode in the millennial struggle of the Hindus to repossess their religion-centered culture and nation. Meanwhile, hundreds of ancient Hindu temples forsaken all over Hindustan await the reawakening of Hindu cultural pride to be repaired or rebuilt and restored to their original, ancient glory.

What the Islamic Invaders Did to India
by Rizwan Salim
12 Nov, 2007

(This article was published in Hindustan Times on December 28, 1997)

Rizwan Salim is a reviewer of New York Tribune, Capitol Hill reporter, assistant editor of American Sentinel.

Posted in भारतीय मंदिर - Bharatiya Mandir

Destruction of Hindu Temples by Aurangzeb

Destruction of Hindu Temples by Aurangzeb

By Rajiv Varma


Islamic literary sources provide far more extensive evidence of temple destruction by the Muslim invaders of India in medieval times. They also cover a large area, from Sinkiang and Transoxiana in the North to Tamil Nadu in the South, and from Siestan province of present day Iran in the West to Assam in the East. This vast area, which was long the cradle of hindu culture, came to be littered with the ruins of temples and monasteries, belonging to all schools of Santana Dharma – Baudhha, Jaina, Shaiva, Sakta, Vaishnava, and the rest. Archeological explorations and excavations in modern times have proved unmistakably that most of the mosques, mazars, ziarats and dargahs which were built in this area, stood on the sites of and were made from the materials of deliberately demolished Hindu monuments.

Hundreds of medieval muslim historians who flourished in India and elsewhere in the world of Islam, have written detailed accounts of what their heroes did in various parts of the extensive Hindu homeland as they were invaded one after another. It is alear from the literary evidence collected alone that all Muslim rulers destroyed or desecrated Hindu temples whenever and whereever they could. Archeological evidence from various Muslim monuments, particularly mosques and dargahs, not only confirms the literary evidence but also adds the names of some Muslim rulers whom Muslim historians have failed to credit with this pious performance.

Some of the literary evidence of temple destruction during Aurangzeb’s rule is listed below.

[Emphasis mine.]

1. “Mir’at-i-Alam” by Bakhtawar Khan

The author was a nobleman of Aurangzeb’s court. He died in AD 1684. the history ascribed to him was really compiled by Muhammad Baqa of Saharanpur who gave the name of his friend as its author. Baqa was a prolific writer who was invited by Bakhtawar Khan to Aurangzeb’s court and given a respectable rank. He died in AD 1683.


Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (1658-1707) General Order

” …Hindu writers have been entirely excluded from holding public offices, and ALL THE WORSHIPPING PLACES OF THE INFIDELS AND GREAT TEMPLES of these infamous people HAVE BEEN THROWN DOWN AND DESTROYED in a manner which excites astonishment at the successful completion of so difficult a task. His Majesty personally teaches the sacred kalima to many infidels with success. … All mosques in the empire are repaired at public expense…”

2. “Alamgir-Nama” by Mirza Muhammad Kazim

This work, written in AD 1688 contains a history of the first ten years of Aurangzeb’s reign.


Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (1658-1707) Palamau (Bihar)

” …In 1661 Aurangzeb in his zeal to uphold the law of Islam sent orders to his viceroy in Bihar, Daud Khan, to conquer Palamau. In the military operations that followed MANY TEMPLES WERE DESTROYED…”

Koch Bihar (Bengal)

” …Towards the end of the same year when Mir Jumla made a war on the Raja of Kuch Bihar, the MUGHALS DESTROYED MANY TEMPLES during the course of their operations. IDOLS WERE BROKEN AND SOME TEMPLES WERE CONVERTED INTO MOSQUES. …”

3. “Mas’ir-i-‘Alamgiri” by Saqi Must’ad Khan

The author completed this history in 1710 at the behest of Inayatu”llah Khan Kashmiri, Aurangzeb’s last secretary and favorite disciple in state policy and religiosity. The materials which Must’ad Khan used in this history of Aurangzeb’s reign came mostly from the State archives.


Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (1658-1707) General Order

“…The Lord Cherisher of the faith learnt that in the provinces of Tatta, Multan, and especially at Benaras, the Brahmin misbelievers used to teach their false books in their established schools, and that admirers and students both Hindu and Muslim, used to come from great distances to these misguided men in order to acquire this vile learning. His majesty, eager to establish Islam, issues orders to the governors of all the provinces TO DEMOLISH THE SCHOOLS AND TEMPLES OF THE INFIDELS and with utmost urgency put down the teaching and the public practice of the religion of these misbelievers…”

Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)

” …It was reported that, according to the Emperor’s command, his officers HAD DEMOLISHED THE TEMPLE OF VISHWANATH AT KASHI. …” Mathura (Uttar Pradesh)

” … During this month of Ramzan abounding in miracles, the Emperor as the promoter of justice and overthrower of mischief, as the knower of truth and destroyer of oppression, as the zephyr of the garden of victory and the reviver of the faith of the Prophet, ISSUED ORDERS FOR THE DEMOLITION OF THE TEMPLE SITUATED IN MATHURA< FAMOUS AS THE DEHRA OF KESHO RAI. In the short time by the great exertions of his officers the DESTRUCTION OF THIS STRONG FOUNDATION OF INFIDELITY WAS ACCOMPLISHED< AND ON ITS SITE A LOFTY MOSQUE WAS BUILT at the expenditure of a large sum…”

” …Praised be the August God of the faith of Islam, that in the auspicious reign of this DESTROYER OF INFIDELITY AND TURBULENCE, such a wonderful and seemingly impossible work was successfully accomplished. On seeing this instance of strength of the Emperor’s faith and the grandeur of his devotion to God, the proud Rajas were stifled and in amazement they stood like images facing the wall. THE IDOLS, LARGE AND SMALL< SET WITH COSTLY JEWELS WHIC HAD BEEN SET UP IN THE TEMPLE WERE BROUGHT TO AGRA< AND BURIED UNDER THE STEPS OF THE MOSQUE OF BEGUM SAHIB, IN ORDER TO BE CONTINUALLY TRODDEN UPON. The name of Mathura was changed to Islamabad. …”

Khandela (Rajasthan)

” … Darab Khan who had been sent with a strong force to punish the Rajputs of Khandela and TO DEMOLISH THE GREAT TEMPLE OF THE PLACE, attacked on March 8th/Safar 5th, and slew the three hundred and odd men who made a bold defence, not one of them escaping alive. THE TEMPLES OF KHANDELA AND SANULA AND ALL OTHER TEMPLES IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD WERE DEMOLISHED …”

Jodhpur (Rajasthan)

” … On 24th Rabi S. (Sunday, May 25th), Khan Jahan Bahadur came from Jodhpur, AFTER DEMOLISHING THE TEMPLES and bringing with himself some cart-loads of idols, and had audience of the Emperor, who higly praised him and ordered that the idols, which were mostly jewelled, golden, silver, bronze, copper, or stone, should be cast in the yard (jilaukhanah) of the Court AND UNDER THE STEPS OF THE JAMA MOSQUE, TO BE TRODDEN UPON…”

Udaipur (Rajasthan)

” … Ruhullah Khan and Ekkataz Khan WENT TO DEMOLISH THE GREAT TEMPLE in front of the Rana’s palace, which was one of the rarest buildings of the age and the chief cause of the destruction of the life and property of the despised worshippers. Twenty ‘machator’ Rajputs who were sitting in the Temple vowed to give up their lives; first one of them came out to fight, killed some and was them himself slain, then came out another and so on, until every one of the twenty perished, after killing a large number of the imperialists including the trusted slave Ikhlas. The Temple was found empty. THE HEWERS BROKE THE IMAGES. …”

” …On Saturday, the 24th January, 1680 (2nd Muharram), the Emperor went to view lake Udaisagar, constructed by the Rana, AND ORDERED ALL THE THREE TEMPLES ON ITS BANKS TO BE DEMOLISHED. …”

” …On the 29th January/7th Muharram, Hasan Ali Khan brought to the Emperor twenty camel-loads of tents and other things captured from the Rana’s Palace and REPORTED THAT ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-TWO OTHER TEMPLES IN THE ENVIRONS OF UDAIPUR HAD BEEN DESTROYED. The Khan received the title of Bahadur Alamgirshahi…”

Amber (Rajasthan)

“… Abu Turab, who had been SENT TO DEMOLISH THE TEMPLES of AMBER, returned to the Court on Tuesday August 10th (Rajab 24th), and reported that HE HAD PULLED DOWN SIXTY-SIX TEMPLES. …”

Bijapur (Karnataka)

” … Hamiduddin Khan Bahadur WHO HAD GONE TO DEMOLISH A TEMPLE AND BUILD A MOSQUE (IN ITS PLACE) in Bijapur, having excellently carried his orders, came to court and gained praise and the post of darogha of gusulkhanah, which brought him near the Emperor’s person…”

General Text

“…LARGE NUMBERS OF PLACES OF WORSHIP OF THE INFIDELS AND GREAT TEMPLES OF THESE WICKED PEOPLE HAVE BEEN THROWN DOWN AND DESOLATED. Men who can see only the outside of things are filled with wonder at the successful accomplishment of such a seemingly difficult task. AND ON THE SITES OF THE TEMPLES LOFTY MOSQUES HAVE BEEN BUILT…”

4. “Akhbarat

These were reports from different provinces compiled in the reign of Aurangzeb.


Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (1658-1707)

Mathura (Uttar Pradesh)

” … The emporer learning that in the temple of Keshav Rai at Mathura there was a stone railing presented by Dara Shikoh, remarked, ‘In the Muslim faith it is a sin even to look at a temple, and this Dara Shikoh had restored a railing in a temple. This fact is not creditable to the Muhammadans. REMOVE THE RAILING.’ By his order Abdun Nabi Khan (the faujdar of Mathura) REMOVED IT…”

Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)

” … News came from Malwa that Wazir Khan had sent Gada Beg, a slave, with 400 troopers, TO DESTROY ALL TEMPLES AROUND UJJAIN… A Rawat of the place resisted and slew Gada Beg with 121 of his men…”

Aurangabad (Maharashtra)

“…… The Emperor learnt from a secret news writer of Delhi that in Jaisinghpura Bairagis used to worship idols, and that the Censor on hearing of it had gone there, arrested Sri Krishna Bairagis and taken him with 15 idols away to his house; then the Rajputs had assembled, flocked to the Censor’s house, wounded three footmen of the Censor and tried to seize the Censor himself; so that the latter set the Bairagis free and sent the copper idols to the local subahdar …”

Pandharpur (Maharashtra)

“… The Emperor, summoning Muhammad Khalil and Khidmat Rai, the darogha of hatchet-men …. ORDERED THEM TO DEMOLISH THE TEMPLE OF PANDHARPUR, and to take the butchers of the camp there AND SLAUGHTER COWS IN THE TEMPLE … It was done…”

On Way to the Deccan

” … When the war with the Rajputs was over, Aurangzeb decided to leave for the Deccan. His march seems to have been marked with A DESTRUCTION TO MANY TEMPLES on the way. On May 21, 1681, the superintendent of the labourers WAS ORDERED TO DESTROY ALL THE TEMPLES on the route…”

Lakheri ( ? – means the place is not traceable today )

” … On 27 Sept., 1681, the emperor issued orders FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLES at Lakheri…”

Rasulpur( ? )

“… About this time, April 14, 1692, orders were issued to the provincial governor and the district faujdar TO DEMOLISH THE TEMPLES at Rasulpur…”

Sheogaon ( ? )

” … Sankar, a messenger, was sent TO DEMOLISH A TEMPLE near Sheogaon..”

Ajmer (Rajasthan)

“… Bijai Singh and several other Hindus were reported to be carrying on public worship of idols in a temple in the neighborhood of Ajmer. On 23 June, 1694, THE GOVERNER OF AJMER WAS ORDERED TO DESTROY THE TEMPLE and stop the public adoration of idol worship there…”

Wakenkhera ( ? )


Bhagwant Garh (Rajasthan)

“… The newswriter of Ranthambore REPORTED THE DESTRUCTION OF A TEMPLE IN PARGANAH BHAGWANT GARH. Gaj Singh Gor had repaired the temple and made some additions thereto…”

Malpura (Rajasthan)

” … Royal orders FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF TEMPLES IN MALPURA TODA were received and the officers were assigned for this work…”

5. “Fathiyya-i-‘Ibriyya

This is a diary of Mir Jumla’s campaigns in Kuch Bihar and Assam. “By looting,” writes Jadunath Sarkar, “the temples of the South and hunting out buried treasures, Mir Jumla amassed a vast fortune. The huge Hindu idols of copper were brought away in large numbers to be melted and cast into cannon. …”


Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707)

Koch Bihar (Bengal)

” … Mir Jumla made his way into Kuch Bihar by an obscure and neglected highway. …. In six days the Mughal Army reached the capital (19th December) which had been deserted by the Rajah and his people in terror. The name of the town was changed to Alamgirnagar; the muslim call to prayer, so long forbidden in the city, was chanted from the lofty roof of the palace, and a mosque was built by DEMOLISHING THE PRINCIPLE TEMPLE…”

6. “Kalimat-i-Tayyibat” by ‘Inayatullah

This is a collection of letters and orders of Aurangzeb compiled by ‘Inayatullah in AD 1719 and covers the years 1699-1704 of Aurangzeb’s reign.

Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707)

Somnath (Gujarat)

“… The TEMPLE OF SOMNATH WAS DEMOLISHED early in my reign and idol worship (there) put down. It is not known what the state of things there is at present. If the idolators have again taken to the worship of images at the place, THEN DESTROY THE TEMPLE IN SUCH A WAY THAT NO TRACE OF THE BUILDING MAY BE LEFT, and also expel them (the worshippers) from the place. …”

Satara (Maharashtra)

“… The village of Sattara near Aurangabad was my hunting ground. Here on the top of the hill, STOOD A TEMPLE WITH AN IMAGE OF KHANDE RAI. BY GOD’S GRACE I DEMOLISHED IT, AND FORBADE THE TEMPLE DANCERS (muralis) to ply their shameful profession…”

General Observation “… THE DEMOLITION OF A TEMPLE IS POSSIBLE AT ANY TIME, as it cannot walk away from its place. …”

Sirhind (Punjab)

“… In a small village in the sarkar of Sirhind, A SIKH TEMPLE WAS DEMOLISHED AND CONVERTED INTO A MOSQUE. An imam was appointed who was subsequently killed. …”

7. “Ganj-i-Arshadi

It is a contemporary account of the destruction of Hindu temples at Varanasi in the reign of Aurangzeb.


Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707)

Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)

“… The infidels demolished a mosque that was under construction and wounded the artisans. When the news reached Shah Yasin, he came to Banaras from Mandyawa and collecting the Muslim weavers, DEMOLISHED THE BIG TEMPLE. A Sayyid who was an artisan by profession agreed with one Abdul Rasul to build a mosque at Banaras and accordingly the foundation was laid. Near the place there was a temple and many houses belonging to it were in the occupation of the Rajputs. The infidels decided that the construction of a mosque in the locality was not proper and that it should be razed to the ground. At night the walls of the mosque were found demolished. next day the wall was rebuilt but it was again destroyed. This happened three or four times. At last the Sayyid his himself in the corner. With the advent of night the infidels came to achieve their nefarious purpose. When Abdul Rasul gave the alarm, the infidels began to fight and the Sayyid was wounded by the Rajputs. In the meantime, the Musalman residents of the neighborhood arrived at the spot and the infidels took to their heels. The wounded muslims were taken to Shah Yasin who determined to vindicate the cause of Islam. When he came to the mosque, people collected from the neighborhood. the civil officers were outwardly inclined to side with the saint, but in reality they were afraid of the Royal displeasure on the account of the Raja, who was a courtier of the Emperor and had built the temple (near which the mosque was under construction). Shah Yasin, however, took up the sword and started for Jihad. The civil officers sent him a message that such a grave step should not be taken without the Emperor’s permission. Shah Yasin, paying no heed, sallied forth till he reached Bazar Chau Khamba through a fusillade of stones …… THE DOORS (OF TEMPLES) WERE FORCED OPEN AND THE IDOLS THROWN DOWN. THE WEAVERS AND OTHER MUSALMANS DEMOLISHED ABOUT 500 TEMPLES. They desired to destroy the temple of Beni Madho, but as lanes were barricaded, they desisted from going further….”

8. “Kalimat-i-Aurangzeb” by ‘Inayatullah

This is another compilation of letters and orders by ‘Inayatu’llah covering the years 1703-06 of Aurangzeb’s reign.

Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707) Maharashtra

“…The houses of this country (Maharashtra) are exceedingly strong and built solely of stone and iron. The hatchet-men of the Govt. in the course of my marching do not get sufficient strength and power (i.e. time) TO DESTROY AND RAZE THE TEMPLES OF THE INFIDELS that meet the eye on the way. You should appoint an orthodox inspector (darogha) who may afterwards DESTROY THEM AT LEISURE AND DIG UP THEIR FOUNDATIONS…”

9. “Muraq’at-i-Abu’I Hasan” by Maulana Abu’l Hasan

This is a collection of records and documents compiled by (the above named author) one of Aurangzeb’s officers in Bengal and Orissa during AD 1655-67.


Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707)

Bengal and Orissa

“…Order issued on all faujdars of thanas, civil officers (mutasaddis), agents of jagirdars, kroris, and amlas from Katak to Medinipur on the frontier of Orissa :- The imperial paymaster Asad Khan has sent a letter written by order of the Emperor, to say, that the Emperor learning from the newsletters of the province of Orissa that at the village of Tilkuti in Medinipur a temple has been (newly) built, HAS ISSUED HIS AUGUST MANDATE FOR ITS DESTRUCTION, and THE DESTRUCTION OF ALL TEMPLES BUILT ANYWHERE IN THIS PROVINCE BY THE WORTHLESS INFIDELS. Therefore, you are commanded with extreme urgency that immediately on the receipt of this letter YOU SHOULD DESTROY THE ABOVE MENTIONED TEMPLES. EVERY IDOL-HOUSE BUILT DURING THE LAST 10 or 12 YEARS, WHETHER WITH BRICK OR CLAY, SHOULD BE DEMOLISHED WITHOUT DELAY. ALSO, DO NOT ALLOW THE CRUSHED HINDUS AND DESPICABLE INFIDELS TO REPAIR THEIR OLD TEMPLES. REPORTS OF THE DESTRUCTION OF TEMPLES SHOULD BE SENT TO THE COURT UNDER THE SEAL OF THE QAZIS and attested by PIOUS SHAIKHS…”

10. “Futuhat-i-Alamgiri” by Ishwardas Nagar

The author was a Brahman from Gujarat, born around AD 1654. Till the age of thirty he was in the service of the Chief Qazi of the empire under Aurangzeb. Later on, he took up a post under Shujat Khan, the governor of Gujarat, who appointed him Amin in the pargana of Jodhpur. His history covers almost half a century of Aurangzeb’s reign, from 1657 to 1700. There is nothing in his style which may mark him out as a Hindu.


Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707)

Mathura (Uttar Pradesh)

” … When the imperial army was encamping at Mathura, a holy city of the Hindus, the state of affairs with regard to temples of Mathura was brought to the notice of His Majesty. Thus, HE ORDERED THE FAUJDAR OF THE CITY, ABDUL NABI KHAN, TO RAZE TO THE GROUND EVERY TEMPLE AND TO CONSTRUCT BIG MOSQUES (over their demolished sites)…”

Udaipur (Rajasthan)

“… The Emperor, within a short time, reached Udaipur AND DESTROYED THE GATE OF DEHBARI, THE PALACES OF RANA AND THE TEMPLES OF UDAIPUR. Apart from it, the trees of his gardens were also destroyed…”


  • Ahmad, Qeyamuddin (ed.), “Patna through the Ages”, New Delhi, 1988.
  • Alberuni’s India“, translated by E.C. Sachau, New Delhi Reprint, 1983.
  • Attar, Shykh Faridu’d-Din, “Tadhkirat al-Awliya”, translated into Urdu by Maulana Z.A. Usmani.
  • Bloch J., “Indian Studies“, London, 1931.
  • Chuvin, Pierre, “A Chronicle of the Last Pagans“, Harvard, 1990.
  • Durrant, Will, “The Story of Civilization“, New York, 1972.
  • Elliot and Dowson, “History of India as told by its own Historians“, 8 volumes, Allahbad Reprint, 1964.
  • “First Encyclopedia of Islam”
  • “Futuhat-i-Alamgiri” by Ishwardas Nagar, trans. into English by Tasneem Ahmad, Delhi, 1978.
  • Growse, F.S. “Mathura: A District Memoir“, Reprint, Ahmedabad, 1978.
  • Hosain, Saiyid Safdar, ” The Early History of Islam,” Vol. I, Delhi Reprint, 1985.
  • “Jami Tirmizi,” Arabic text with Urdu translation by Badi’al-Zaman, Vol. I, New Delhi, 1983.
  • “Kitab Futuh Al-Buldan” of Al-Biladhuri, translated into English by F.C. Murgotte, New York, 1924.
  • “Maasir-i-Alamgiri” of Saqi Must’ad Khan, translated into English and annotated by Sir Jadunath Sarkar, Calcutta, 1947.
  • “Makke Madine di Goshati“, edited by Dr. Kulwant Singh, Patiala, 1988.
  • “The Rehala of Ibn Battuta,” translated into English by Mahdi Hussain, Baroda, 1976.
  • Sarkar, Jadunath, “History of Aurangzeb,” 3 Volumes, Calcutta, 1972, 73.
Posted in भारतीय मंदिर - Bharatiya Mandir

List of Hindu Temples destroyed by Muslims in J&K

List of Hindu Temples destroyed by Muslims in J&K



The following is based on a report published in Nav Bharat Times (Feb. 18, 93) New Delhi, the Hindi Daily of the Times of India Group of papers.



According to a report from Home Ministry official, 36 temples were the butt of communal violence In 1986, 8 in 1988, 12 in 1989, 8 in 1990, 5 in 1991, and 24 in 1992. The report carries the names of the temples, their addresses, the mode of attack, date and the extent of damage done. The following is the 1ist of the temples hit by communal violence in J&K on the basis of Home Ministry Report.




YEAR 1986:



SRINAGAR, FEBRUARY 20-211. Ganpatyar temple, Srinagar – Stoned – Window panes broken.2. Bhairav temple, Maisuma – Stoned – minor damage3. Temple in front of Gurudwara at Amiradadal – ransacked – no damageto the building.4. Shiv temple, Jawaharnagar – attempted arson – minor damage to a window,5. Bhairav Mandir, Karan Nagar – attempted arson – Carpet burned, nodamage to the building.6, Shiv temple near secretariat – attempted arson – minor damage.7. Shiv Mandir, Chota Bazar-60-70 rioter tried to attack the temple; policefired four rounds in the air – no damage,8. Narayan Math Mandir in Tulsi Bagh – attempted arson and stoning -minor damage to windowpanes and door.



ANANTNAG DISTRICT, FEBRUARY 20 -219. Gautam nag mandlr at Sarnal – set on fire – heavy damage; 3 out of fourrooms destroyed.10. Shivalay Mandir, Nai Basti – heavy stoning, attempt to destroy andransack – damage worth Rs. 10,000.11. Temple at Wanpoh on Khanabal-Qazigund Road – set on fire- extent ofdamage not known.12. Another temple at Vanpoh – set on fire – extent of the damage not known.13. Temple at Aishmuqam – attempt at ransacking – one idol damaged.14. Temple at Dhanbogund, Kulgam – set on fire – extent of damage not known.15. Navgam temple, Shangas – Heavy stoning – extent of damage not known.16. Achhabal temple near Navgam – Heavy stoning – extent of damage not known.17-20. Four temples in Lokbhavan village of Thana Qazigund – attemptedransacking21. Harish Chandra Seva Mandir, Beejbehara – ransacking – idols destroyed.22. Devi Mandir, village Karebal Beejbehara – ransacking – Idols damaged.23. Shivalay Mandir, Janglat Mandi, Anantnag town – ransacking – extentof damage not known.24. Temple of Dyalgam – attempt at ransacking – extent of damage not known.25. Temple at Fatehpura village, Qazigund Tehsil – set on fire – extent ofdamage not known.26. Temple at village Siligam, Thana Aishmuqam – attempt at ransacking.



PULWAMA DISTRICT, FEBRUARY 20-2127. Shiv Mandir at village Koil, Thana Pulwama – attempted arson.28. Temple at village Trisal, Thana Pulwama -AttPmpted ransacking -idols, microphone taken away; compoundwall of the adjacent cremation ground broken.



BARAMULLA DISTRICT, FEBRUARY 20-2129. Kali Mandir in Jamla Kadal Mohalla, Sopore – attempted arson, localpeople foiled the attempt – no damage.30. Fatapura temple, Sopore – stoning – minor damage.



ANANTNAG DISTRICT, FEBRUARY 24-2531.Chandi Puiarl temple, VYosu Thana Qazigund) – Arson – damage worth Rs. 20,000.



BADGAM DISTRICT, FEBRUARY 24-2532. Sharda Devi temple, Yalkot (Thana 8adgam) – attempt to arson – one part burnt.33.Shiv Temple, Sanghampura – (Thana Biru) – attempt to arson – verandah damaged in arson.34. Shiv Mandir, Magam (Thana Vodura) – attempt to arson – minor damage.



BARAMULA DISTRICT, FEBRUARY 24-2535. Temple in Bandipore – arsoned – minor damage.36. Temple in Bandipore – arsoned – minor damage.




YEAR 1988:



SRINAGAR DISTRICT, AUGUST 151. Ram Mandir, Maharajganj, Srinagar – attempt to arson – minor damage.2. Shiv Mandir, Sarafkadal, Srinagar – stoned – minor damage.BARAMULLA DISTRICT, AUGUST 183. Shiv Mandir, Bandipur – arsoned – Heavy damage.4. Shri Raghunath Mandir, Barmulla – explosion in Mandir – minor damage.



PULWAMA DISTRICT, AUGUST 215. Shiv temple, Shopian – Fully destroyed; heavy damage.6 . Local tempIe in Tral – Arsoned – Heavy damage.



ANANTAG DISTRICT, AUGUST 197. Devi Mandir, Anantnag – arsoned – minor damage.



DODA DISTRICT, OCT0BER 278. Basaknag mandir, Bhadrawah – arsoned – minor damage.




YEAR 1989:



SRINAGAR DISTRICT (MARCH 24 TO NOV. 2)1. Shri Ram mandir’s Hall, Barbarshah Srinagar – explosion – minor damage.2. Shiv Mandir Chota Bazar, Srinagar, Fully damaged.3. Shri Raghunath Mandir, Srinagar – attempt to arson – minor damaqe.4. Building of Ramkrishna Ashram, Chota Bazar, Srinagar-arsoned-minor damage.PULWAMA DISTRICT, OCTOBER 35. Suchcha Nath Mandir, Shopian – arsoned – heavy damage.



BADGAM DISTRICT, OCTOBER 216. Shri Ram Mandir, Badgam – destroyed; idols looted – heavy damage.7. Rama Mandir, Udhampur – heavy damage.



DODA DISTRICT8. Supernag Temple – Idols looted and temple burnt.9. Siv Mandir Kiratwar – explosion on 2nd Nov. – minor damage.10. Buichhal Mandir – explosion on 10th Nov. – heavy damage.11. Temple in Kulharad village – arsoned on 12th Nov. – heavy damage.12 Temple in Bharat village – arsoned on 12th Nov. – heavy damage.




YEAR 1990:



SRINAGAR DISTRICT1. Arya Samaj Mandir and School, Srinagar – explosion an 10th Feb. Minor damage2. Shri Raghunath Mandir, Srinagar – attempted arson on 24th Feb., minor damage.3. Arya Samaj Mandir and School Wazir Bagh, Srinagar – explosion on 21st July – heavy damage.4. Shri Ram Mandir, Babarshah Srinagar – Conference Hall attacked with rocket on 2nd Sept . – minor damage .5. Shitalnath Mandir, Srinagar – arsoned on 18th Nov. – heavy damage.ANANTNAG DISTRICT6. Lakshmi Mandir, Bijbehara – arsoned on 4th August – Heavy damage.



BARAMULLA DISTRICT7. Sharda Mandir, Kalusa, 8andipur-arsoned on 7th Nov.- Heavy damage.



KUPWARA DISTRICT8. Handura Mandir – Precincts desecrated and idols stolen on 13th Nov. -heavy loss in the form of disappearance of idols.




YEAR 1991:



ANANTNAG DISTRICT1. Nagbal Mandir, Anantnag – Explosion – Minor damage2-3. Shri Raghunath Mandir, Anantnag – Explosion, Grenade thrown – minor damageSRINAGAR DISTRICT, APRIL 134-5. Shri Raghunath Mandir, Srinagar – seven houses of Hindus and two temples arsoned – minor damage.




YEAR 1992:



All arsoned; and minor damages:1. Raghunath Mandir, Karafali Mohalla, Srinagar – 8 May.2. Anantnag – 7 December3. Srinagar – 7 December4. Kulgam, Anantnag – 7-8 December.5. Shiv Mandir, Sherpore Kund – 7-8 December.6. Temple at Karichhama – Tang Marg, Baramulla – 7-8 December.7. Temple in Baramulla on Kungar Tang Road – 7-8 December.8. Shri Vishnu Temple, on the Bank of River Jhelum 7-8 December.9. Kuvi Utraso Temple Anantnag – 7-8 December.10. Temple of Chitergund, Anantnag – 7-8 December.11. Temple of Bana Mohalla, Srinagar -7-8 December.12. Karfali Mohalla, Srinagar -7-8 December13. Samshan Bhoomi Temple, Karannagar, Srinagar – 7-8 December14. Narsingh Bagh – Shadipur Temple, Ganderbal, Srinagar – 7-8 December.15. Nandkishore Temple, Sumbal, Baramulla – 7-8 December.16. Temple of Pahalgam, Anantnag – 7-8 December.17-22. Verinag, Anantnag – 8 December.23. Temple in Tragaon, Kupwara -9 December.24. Temple in Pattan, Baramulla – 9 December.

Posted in भारत का गुप्त इतिहास- Bharat Ka rahasyamay Itihaas

21 सिख जवान और सामने 10000 अफगान पठान …..आखिरी आदमी, आखिरी गोली

21 सिख जवान और सामने 10000 अफगान पठान …..आखिरी आदमी, आखिरी गोली

और इन 21 रणबांकुरों ने अपनी बहादुरी की ऐसी दास्तान लिखी कि यूनेस्को ने इस जंग को विश्व की श्रेष्ठ आठ लड़ाइयों में शुमार किया ।

आज से कोई 115 वर्ष पहले “सरागढ़ी की जंग” के नाम से मशहूर यह जंग लड़ी गई थी अविभाजित भारत के पश्चिमोत्तर सीमांत प्रांत (अब पाकिस्तान ) में। अँग्रेजी हुकूमत के अधीन हमारी फौजें खानकी घाटी में स्थित लाखार्ट और गुलिस्तां किलों में तैनात थी।

इन दोनों के बीच सरागढ़ी नामक स्थान पर अग्रेजों की 36 सिख बटालियन (अब 4 सिख बटालियन) के 21 सिख जवान संचार पोस्ट पर तैनात थे। अचानक 12 सितंबर 1897 को करीब 10-12 हजार ओरकजई तथा अफरीदी कबीलों के लोगों ने हमला कर दिया।

इन 21 सिख सैनिकों का नेतृत्व कर रहे थे हवलदार ईशर सिंह। सभी सैनिकों ने सुबह से दोपहर तक हमलावरों का डट कर मुकाबला किया। इस दौरान उनकी ताकत कम हो रही थी। किले से मदद को आ रही फौज का रास्ता हमलावरों ने रोक दिया लेकिन किले से लड़ाई का नजारा देखा जा सकता था। इसके अलावा सिगनलर सिपाही गुरमुख सिंह आईने की मदद से लड़ाई का वर्णन भी भेज रहे थे।

जब इन सैनिकों की संख्या लगभग आधी रह गई तो उन्होंने संदेश भेजा, ‘हमारे आधे सिपाही मारे गए लेकिन बचे सिपाहियों के पास अब लड़ने के लिए दो-दो बंदूकें हो गई हैं।’ सभी सैनिक जी जान से 12 हजार हमलावरों को रोके हुए थे। जब हमलावर हावी होने लगे तब गुरमुख ने संदेश भेजा, ‘मुझे संकेत भेजने के काम से मुक्त कि या जाए, मैं लड़ना चाहता हूं।’

उन्हें लड़ने की इजाजत दे दी गई। एक-एक कर सभी 21 सिख सैनिकों ने जान दे दी लेकिन हार नहीं मानी। दूसरे दिन पता चला कि इन बहादुरों ने 450 हमलावरों को मार गिराया था। एक सैनिक ने अपनी जान निछावर करने से पहले गार्ड रूम पर कब्जा करने की कोशिश कर रहे 20 हमलावरों को मार गिराया था।

जब ब्रिटेन की संसद को इस लड़ाई की सूचना दी गई तो सभी सदस्यों ने खड़े होकर इन बहादुरों को सलाम किया। यही एक ऐसी लड़ाई थी जिसमें एक ही दिन में सभी 21 सैनिकों को उस समय के सर्वोच्च वीरता सम्मान इंडियन आर्डर आफ मैरिट से सम्मानित किया गया। उस समय की 36 सिख बटालियन आज की 4 सिख के नाम से जानी जाती है। यह एक ऐसी जंग थी जिसने सामूहिक बहादुरी की ऐसी दास्तान लिखी जिसे आज तक दोहराया नहीं जा सका है।

गुरु गोबिंद सिंह जी ने यूं ही नहीं कहा था, ‘सवा लाख से एक लड़ाऊ, तब ही गोबिंद सिंह नाम कहाऊं’

21 सिख जवान और सामने 10000 अफगान पठान .....आखिरी आदमी, आखिरी गोली

और इन 21 रणबांकुरों ने अपनी बहादुरी की ऐसी दास्तान लिखी कि यूनेस्को ने इस जंग को विश्व की श्रेष्ठ आठ लड़ाइयों में शुमार किया ।

आज से कोई 115 वर्ष पहले "सरागढ़ी की जंग" के नाम से मशहूर यह जंग लड़ी गई थी अविभाजित भारत के पश्चिमोत्तर सीमांत प्रांत (अब पाकिस्तान ) में। अँग्रेजी हुकूमत के अधीन हमारी फौजें खानकी घाटी में स्थित लाखार्ट और गुलिस्तां किलों में तैनात थी।

इन दोनों के बीच सरागढ़ी नामक स्थान पर अग्रेजों की 36 सिख बटालियन (अब 4 सिख बटालियन) के 21 सिख जवान संचार पोस्ट पर तैनात थे। अचानक 12 सितंबर 1897 को करीब 10-12 हजार ओरकजई तथा अफरीदी कबीलों के लोगों ने हमला कर दिया।

इन 21 सिख सैनिकों का नेतृत्व कर रहे थे हवलदार ईशर सिंह। सभी सैनिकों ने सुबह से दोपहर तक हमलावरों का डट कर मुकाबला किया। इस दौरान उनकी ताकत कम हो रही थी। किले से मदद को आ रही फौज का रास्ता हमलावरों ने रोक दिया लेकिन किले से लड़ाई का नजारा देखा जा सकता था। इसके अलावा सिगनलर सिपाही गुरमुख सिंह आईने की मदद से लड़ाई का वर्णन भी भेज रहे थे।

जब इन सैनिकों की संख्या लगभग आधी रह गई तो उन्होंने संदेश भेजा, ‘हमारे आधे सिपाही मारे गए लेकिन बचे सिपाहियों के पास अब लड़ने के लिए दो-दो बंदूकें हो गई हैं।’ सभी सैनिक जी जान से 12 हजार हमलावरों को रोके हुए थे। जब हमलावर हावी होने लगे तब गुरमुख ने संदेश भेजा, ‘मुझे संकेत भेजने के काम से मुक्त कि या जाए, मैं लड़ना चाहता हूं।’

उन्हें लड़ने की इजाजत दे दी गई। एक-एक कर सभी 21 सिख सैनिकों ने जान दे दी लेकिन हार नहीं मानी। दूसरे दिन पता चला कि इन बहादुरों ने 450 हमलावरों को मार गिराया था। एक सैनिक ने अपनी जान निछावर करने से पहले गार्ड रूम पर कब्जा करने की कोशिश कर रहे 20 हमलावरों को मार गिराया था।

जब ब्रिटेन की संसद को इस लड़ाई की सूचना दी गई तो सभी सदस्यों ने खड़े होकर इन बहादुरों को सलाम किया। यही एक ऐसी लड़ाई थी जिसमें एक ही दिन में सभी 21 सैनिकों को उस समय के सर्वोच्च वीरता सम्मान इंडियन आर्डर आफ मैरिट से सम्मानित किया गया। उस समय की 36 सिख बटालियन आज की 4 सिख के नाम से जानी जाती है। यह एक ऐसी जंग थी जिसने सामूहिक बहादुरी की ऐसी दास्तान लिखी जिसे आज तक दोहराया नहीं जा सका है।

गुरु गोबिंद सिंह जी ने यूं ही नहीं कहा था, ‘सवा लाख से एक लड़ाऊ, तब ही गोबिंद सिंह नाम कहाऊं’
Posted in रामायण - Ramayan

अयोध्या का इतिहास —

शेयर शेयर शेयर शेयर शेयर शेयर शेयर

अयोध्या का इतिहास —

जिसे पढ़कर आप रो पड़ेंगे। कृपया सच्चे हिन्दुओं की संतानें ही इस लेख को पढ़ें।

जब बाबर दिल्ली की गद्दी पर आसीन हुआ उस समय जन्मभूमि सिद्ध महात्मा श्यामनन्द जी महाराज के अधिकार क्षेत्र में थी। महात्मा श्यामनन्द की ख्याति सुनकर ख्वाजा कजल अब्बास मूसा आशिकान अयोध्या आये । महात्मा जी के शिष्य बनकर ख्वाजा कजल अब्बास मूसा ने योग और सिद्धियाँ प्राप्त कर ली और उनका नाम भी महात्मा श्यामनन्द के ख्यातिप्राप्त शिष्यों में लिया जाने लगा।
ये सुनकर जलालशाह नाम का एक फकीर भी महात्मा श्यामनन्द के पास आया और उनका शिष्य बनकर सिद्धियाँ प्राप्त करने लगा।
जलालशाह एक कट्टर मुसलमान था, और उसको एक ही सनक थी,
हर जगह इस्लाम का आधिपत्य साबित करना । अत: जलालशाह ने अपने काफिर गुरू की पीठ में छुरा घोंपकर ख्वाजा कजल अब्बास मूसा के साथ मिलकर ये विचार किया की यदि इस मदिर को तोड़ कर मस्जिद बनवा दी जाये तो इस्लाम का परचम हिन्दुस्थान में स्थायी हो जायेगा। धीरे धीरे जलालशाह और ख्वाजा कजल अब्बास मूसा इस साजिश को अंजाम देने की तैयारियों में जुट गए ।
सर्वप्रथम जलालशाह और ख्वाजा, बाबर के विश्वासपात्र बने और दोनों ने अयोध्या को खुर्द मक्का बनाने के लिए जन्मभूमि के आसपास की जमीनों में बलपूर्वक मृत मुसलमानों को दफन करना शुरू किया॥ और मीरबाँकी खां के माध्यम से बाबर को उकसाकर मंदिर के विध्वंस का कार्यक्रम बनाया। बाबा श्यामनन्द जी अपने मुस्लिम शिष्यों की करतूत देख के बहुत दुखी हुए और अपने निर्णय पर उन्हें बहुत पछतावा हुआ। दुखी मन से बाबा श्यामनन्द जी ने रामलला की मूर्तियाँ सरयू में प्रवाहित कर दी और खुद हिमालय की और तपस्या करने चले गए। मंदिर के पुजारियों ने मंदिर के अन्य सामान आदि हटा लिए और वे स्वयं मंदिर के द्वार पर रामलला की रक्षा के लिए खड़े हो गए। जलालशाह की आज्ञा के अनुसार उन चारो पुजारियों के सर काट लिए गए. जिस समय मंदिर को गिराकर मस्जिद बनाने की घोषणा हुई उस समय भीटी के राजपूत राजा महताब सिंह, बद्री नारायण की यात्रा करने के लिए निकले थे, अयोध्या पहुचने पर रास्ते में उन्हें ये खबर मिली तो उन्होंने अपनी यात्रा स्थगित कर दी और अपनी छोटी सेना में रामभक्तों को शामिल कर १ लाख चौहत्तर हजार लोगो के साथ बाबर की सेना के ४ लाख ५० हजार सैनिकों से लोहा लेने निकल पड़े।
रामभक्तों ने सौगंध ले रखी थी रक्त की आखिरी बूंद तक लड़ेंगे जब तक प्राण है तब तक मंदिर नहीं गिरने देंगे। रामभक्त वीरता के साथ लड़े ७० दिनों तक घोर संग्राम होता रहा और अंत में राजा महताब सिंह समेत सभी १ लाख ७४ हजार रामभक्त मारे गए। श्रीराम जन्मभूमि रामभक्तों के रक्त से लाल हो गयी। इस भीषण कत्ले आम के बाद मीरबांकी ने तोप लगा के मंदिर गिरवा दिया । मंदिर के मसाले से ही मस्जिद का निर्माण हुआ पानी की जगह मरे हुए हिन्दुओं का रक्त इस्तेमाल किया गया नीव में लखौरी इंटों के साथ ।
इतिहासकार कनिंघम अपने लखनऊ गजेटियर के 66वें अंक के पृष्ठ 3 पर लिखता है की एक लाख चौहतर हजार हिंदुओं की लाशें गिर जाने के पश्चात मीरबाँकी अपने मंदिर
ध्वस्त करने के अभियान मे सफल हुआ और उसके बाद जन्मभूमि के चारो और तोप लगवाकर मंदिर को ध्वस्त कर दिया गया.
इसी प्रकार हैमिल्टन नाम का एक अंग्रेज बाराबंकी गजेटियर में लिखता है की ” जलालशाह ने हिन्दुओं के खून का गारा बना के लखौरी ईटों की नीव मस्जिद बनवाने के लिए दी गयी थी। ”
उस समय अयोध्या से ६ मील की दूरी पर सनेथू नाम का एक गाँव के पंडित देवीदीन पाण्डेय ने वहां के आस पास के गांवों सराय सिसिंडा राजेपुर आदि के सूर्यवंशीय क्षत्रियों को एकत्रित किया॥ देवीदीन पाण्डेय ने सूर्यवंशीय क्षत्रियों से कहा भाइयों आप लोग मुझे अपना राजपुरोहित मानते हैं ..आप के पूर्वज श्री राम थे और हमारे पूर्वज महर्षि भरद्वाज जी। आज मर्यादा पुरुषोत्तम श्री राम की जन्मभूमि को मुसलमान आक्रान्ता कब्रों से पाट रहे हैं और खोद रहे हैं इस परिस्थिति में हमारा मूकदर्शक बन कर जीवित रहने की बजाय जन्मभूमि की रक्षार्थ युद्ध करते करते वीरगति पाना ज्यादा उत्तम होगा॥
देवीदीन पाण्डेय की प्रार्थना से दो दिन के भीतर 90 हजार क्षत्रिय इकठ्ठा हो गए दूर दूर के गांवों से लोग समूहों में इकठ्ठा हो कर देवीदीन पाण्डेय के नेतृत्व में जन्मभूमि पर जबरदस्त धावा बोल दिया । शाही सेना से लगातार ५ दिनों तक युद्ध हुआ । छठे दिन मीरबाँकी का सामना देवीदीन पाण्डेय से हुआ उसी समय धोखे से उसके अंगरक्षक ने एक लखौरी ईंट से पाण्डेय जी की खोपड़ी पर वार कर दिया। देवीदीन पाण्डेय का सर बुरी तरह फट गया मगर उस वीर ने अपनी पगड़ी से खोपड़ी को बाँधा और तलवार से उस कायर अंगरक्षक का सर काट दिया। इसी बीच मीरबाँकी ने छिपकर गोली चलायी जो पहले ही से घायल देवीदीन पाण्डेय जी को लगी और वो जन्मभूमि की रक्षा में वीर गति को प्राप्त हुए..
जन्मभूमि फिर से 90 हजार हिन्दुओं के रक्त से लाल हो गयी। देवीदीन पाण्डेय के वंशज सनेथू ग्राम के ईश्वरी पांडे का पुरवा नामक जगह पर अब भी मौजूद हैं॥
पाण्डेय जी की मृत्यु के १५ दिन बाद हंसवर के राजपूत महाराजा रणविजय सिंह ने सिर्फ २५ हजार सैनिकों के साथ मीरबाँकी की विशाल और शस्त्रों से सुसज्जित सेना से रामलला को मुक्त कराने के लिए आक्रमण किया । 10 दिन तक युद्ध चला और महाराज जन्मभूमि के रक्षार्थ वीरगति को प्राप्त हो गए। जन्मभूमि में 25 हजार हिन्दुओं का रक्त फिर बहा।
रानी जयराज कुमारी हंसवर के स्वर्गीय महाराज रणविजय सिंह की पत्नी थी। जन्मभूमि की रक्षा में महाराज के वीरगति प्राप्त करने के बाद महारानी ने उनके कार्य को आगे बढ़ाने का बीड़ा उठाया और तीन हजार नारियों की सेना लेकर उन्होंने जन्मभूमि पर हमला बोल दिया और हुमायूं के समय तक उन्होंने छापामार युद्ध जारी रखा। रानी के गुरु स्वामी महेश्वरानंद जी ने रामभक्तों को इकठ्ठा करके सेना का प्रबंध करके जयराज कुमारी की सहायता की। साथ ही स्वामी महेश्वरानंद जी ने सन्यासियों की सेना बनायीं इसमें उन्होंने २४ हजार सन्यासियों को इकठ्ठा किया और रानी जयराज कुमारी के साथ हुमायूँ के समय में कुल १० हमले जन्मभूमि के उद्धार के लिए किये। १०वें हमले में शाही सेना को काफी नुकसान हुआ और जन्मभूमि पर रानी जयराज कुमारी का अधिकार हो गया।
लेकिन लगभग एक महीने बाद हुमायूँ ने पूरी ताकत से शाही सेना फिर भेजी, इस युद्ध में स्वामी महेश्वरानंद और रानी कुमारी जयराज कुमारी लड़ते हुए अपनी बची हुई
सेना के साथ मारे गए और जन्मभूमि पर पुनः मुगलों का अधिकार हो गया। श्रीराम जन्मभूमि एक बार फिर कुल 24 हजार सन्यासियों और 3 हजार वीर नारियों के रक्त से लाल हो गयी रानी जयराज कुमारी और स्वामी महेश्वरानंद जी के बाद यद्ध का नेतृत्व स्वामी बलरामचारी जी ने अपने हाथ में ले लिया। स्वामी बलरामचारी जी ने गांव गांव में घूम कर
रामभक्त हिन्दू युवकों और सन्यासियों की एक मजबूत सेना तैयार करने का प्रयास किया और जन्मभूमि के उद्धारार्थ २० बार आक्रमण किये. इन २० हमलों में कम से कम १५ बार स्वामी बलरामचारी ने जन्मभूमि पर अपना अधिकार कर लिया मगर ये अधिकार अल्प समय के लिए रहता था। थोड़े दिन बाद बड़ी शाही फ़ौज आती थी और जन्मभूमि पुनः मुगलों के अधीन हो जाती थी..जन्मभूमि में लाखों हिन्दू बलिदान होते रहे।
उस समय का मुग़ल शासक अकबर था। शाही सेना हर दिन के इन युद्धों से कमजोर हो रही थी.. अतः अकबर ने बीरबल और टोडरमल के कहने पर खस की टाट से उस चबूतरे पर ३ फीट का एक छोटा सा मंदिर बनवा दिया। लगातार युद्ध करते रहने के कारण स्वामी बलरामचारी का स्वास्थ्य गिरता चला गया था और प्रयाग कुम्भ के अवसर पर त्रिवेणी तट पर स्वामी बलरामचारी की मृत्यु हो गयी ..
इस प्रकार बार-बार के आक्रमणों और हिन्दू जनमानस के रोष एवं हिन्दुस्थान पर मुगलों की ढीली होती पकड़ से बचने का एक राजनैतिक प्रयास की अकबर की इस कूटनीति से कुछ दिनों के लिए जन्मभूमि में रक्त नहीं बहा।
यही क्रम शाहजहाँ के समय भी चलता रहा। फिर औरंगजेब के हाथ सत्ता आई वो कट्टर मुसलमान था और उसने समस्त भारत से काफिरों के सम्पूर्ण सफाये का संकल्प लिया था। उसने लगभग 10 बार अयोध्या मे मंदिरों को तोड़ने का अभियान चलाकर यहाँ के सभी प्रमुख मंदिरों की मूर्तियों को तोड़ डाला। औरंगजेब के समय में समर्थ गुरु श्री रामदास जी महाराज जी के शिष्य श्री वैष्णवदास जी ने जन्मभूमि के उद्धारार्थ 30 बार आक्रमण किये। इन आक्रमणों मे अयोध्या के आस पास के गांवों के सूर्यवंशी क्षत्रियों ने पूर्ण सहयोग दिया जिनमे सराय के ठाकुर सरदार गजराज सिंह और राजेपुर के कुँवर गोपाल सिंह तथा सिसिण्डा के ठाकुर जगदंबा सिंह प्रमुख थे। ये सारे वीर ये जानते हुए भी की उनकी सेना और हथियार बादशाही सेना के सामने कुछ भी नहीं है अपने जीवन के आखिरी समय तक शाही सेना से लोहा लेते रहे। लम्बे समय तक चले इन युद्धों में रामलला को मुक्त कराने के लिए हजारों हिन्दू वीरों ने अपना बलिदान दिया और अयोध्या की धरती पर उनका रक्त बहता रहा।
ठाकुर गजराज सिंह और उनके साथी क्षत्रियों के वंशज आज भी सराय मे मौजूद हैं। आज
भी फैजाबाद जिले के आस पास के सूर्यवंशीय क्षत्रिय सिर पर पगड़ी नहीं बांधते, जूता नहीं पहनते, छाता नहीं लगाते, उन्होने अपने पूर्वजों के सामने ये प्रतिज्ञा ली थी की जब तक श्री राम जन्मभूमि का उद्धार नहीं कर लेंगे तब तक जूता नहीं पहनेंगे, छाता नहीं लगाएंगे, पगड़ी नहीं पहनेंगे।
1640 ईस्वी में औरंगजेब ने मन्दिर को ध्वस्त करने के लिए जबांज खाँ के नेतृत्व में एक जबरजस्त सेना भेज दी थी, बाबा वैष्णव दास के साथ साधुओं की एक सेना थी जो हर विद्या मे निपुण थी इसे चिमटाधारी साधुओं की सेना भी कहते थे। जब जन्मभूमि पर जबांज खाँ ने आक्रमण किया तो हिंदुओं के साथ चिमटाधारी साधुओं की सेना भी मिल गयी और उर्वशी कुंड नामक जगह पर जाबाज़ खाँ की सेना से सात दिनों तक भीषण युद्ध किया । चिमटाधारी साधुओं के चिमटे की मार से मुगलों की सेना भाग खड़ी हुई। इस प्रकार चबूतरे पर स्थित मंदिर की रक्षा हो गयी । जाबाज़ खाँ की पराजित सेना को देखकर औरंगजेब बहुत क्रोधित हुआ और उसने जाबाज़ खाँ को हटाकर एक अन्य सिपहसालार सैय्यद हसन अली को 50 हजार सैनिकों की सेना और तोपखाने के साथ अयोध्या की ओर भेजा और साथ मे ये आदेश दिया की अबकी बार जन्मभूमि को बर्बाद करके वापस आना है, यह समय सन् 1680 का था । बाबा वैष्णव दास ने सिक्खों के गुरु गुरुगोविंद सिंह से युद्ध मे सहयोग के लिए पत्र के माध्यम संदेश भेजा । पत्र पाकर गुरु गुरुगोविंद सिंह सेना समेत तत्काल अयोध्या आ गए और ब्रहमकुंड पर अपना डेरा डाला। ब्रहमकुंड वही जगह जहां आजकल गुरुगोविंद सिंह की स्मृति मे सिक्खों का गुरुद्वारा बना हुआ है। बाबा वैष्णव दास एवं सिक्खों के गुरुगोविंद सिंह रामलला की रक्षा हेतु एकसाथ रणभूमि में कूद पड़े। इन वीरों कें सुनियोजित हमलों से मुगलो की सेना के पाँव उखड़ गये सैय्यद हसन अली भी युद्ध मे मारा गया। औरंगजेब हिंदुओं की इस प्रतिक्रिया से स्तब्ध रह गया था और इस युद्ध के बाद 4 साल तक उसने अयोध्या पर हमला करने की हिम्मत नहीं की। औरंगजेब ने सन् 1664 मे एक बार फिर श्री राम जन्मभूमि पर आक्रमण किया। इस भीषण हमले में शाही फौज ने लगभग 10 हजार से ज्यादा हिंदुओं की हत्या कर दी नागरिकों तक को नहीं छोड़ा। जन्मभूमि हिन्दुओं के रक्त से लाल हो गयी। जन्मभूमि के अंदर नवकोण के एक कंदर्प कूप नाम का कुआं था, सभी मारे गए हिंदुओं की लाशें मुगलों ने उसमे फेककर चारों ओर चहारदीवारी उठा कर उसे घेर दिया। आज भी कंदर्पकूप “गज शहीदा” के नाम से प्रसिद्ध है, और जन्मभूमि के पूर्वी द्वार पर स्थित है। शाही सेना ने जन्मभूमि का चबूतरा खोद डाला बहुत दिनो तक वह चबूतरा गड्ढे के रूप मे वहाँ स्थित था। औरंगजेब के क्रूर अत्याचारो की मारी हिन्दू जनता अब उस गड्ढे पर ही श्री रामनवमी के दिन भक्तिभाव से अक्षत, पुष्प और जल चढाती रहती थी. नबाब सहादत अली के समय 1763 ईस्वी में जन्मभूमि के रक्षार्थ अमेठी के राजपूत राजा गुरुदत्त सिंह और पिपरपुर के राजकुमार सिंह के नेतृत्व मे बाबरी ढांचे पर पुनः पाँच आक्रमण किये गये जिसमें हर बार हिन्दुओं की लाशें अयोध्या में गिरती रहीं। लखनऊ गजेटियर मे कर्नल हंट लिखता है की
“ लगातार हिंदुओं के हमले से ऊबकर नबाब ने हिंदुओं और मुसलमानो को एक साथ नमाज पढ़ने और भजन करने की इजाजत दे दी पर सच्चा मुसलमान होने के नाते उसने काफिरों को जमीन नहीं सौंपी। “लखनऊ गजेटियर पृष्ठ 62” नासिरुद्दीन हैदर के समय मे मकरही के राजा के नेतृत्व में जन्मभूमि को पुनः अपने रूप मे लाने के लिए हिंदुओं के तीन आक्रमण हुये जिसमें बड़ी संख्या में हिन्दू मारे गये। परन्तु तीसरे आक्रमण में डटकर
नबाबी सेना का सामना हुआ 8वें दिन हिंदुओं की शक्ति क्षीण होने लगी ,जन्मभूमि के मैदान मे हिन्दुओं और मुसलमानो की लाशों का ढेर लग गया । इस संग्राम मे भीती, हंसवर, मकरही, खजुरहट, दीयरा, अमेठी के राजा गुरुदत्त सिंह आदि सम्मलित थे। हारती हुई हिन्दू सेना के साथ वीर चिमटाधारी साधुओं की सेना आ मिली और इस युद्ध मे शाही सेना के चिथड़े उड गये और उसे रौंदते हुए हिंदुओं ने जन्मभूमि पर कब्जा कर लिया।
मगर हर बार की तरह कुछ दिनो के बाद विशाल शाही सेना ने पुनः जन्मभूमि पर अधिकार कर लिया और हजारों हिन्दुओं को मार डाला गया। जन्मभूमि में हिन्दुओं का रक्त प्रवाहित होने लगा। नावाब वाजिदअली शाह के समय के समय मे पुनः हिंदुओं ने जन्मभूमि के उद्धारार्थ आक्रमण किया । फैजाबाद गजेटियर में कनिंघम ने लिखा
“इस संग्राम मे बहुत ही भयंकर खूनखराबा हुआ। दो दिन और रात होने वाले इस भयंकर युद्ध में सैकड़ों हिन्दुओं के मारे जाने के बावजूद हिन्दुओं नें राम जन्मभूमि पर कब्जा कर लिया। क्रुद्ध हिंदुओं की भीड़ ने कब्रें तोड़ फोड़ कर बर्बाद कर डाली मस्जिदों को मिसमार करने लगे और पूरी ताकत से मुसलमानों को मार-मार कर अयोध्या से खदेड़ना शुरू किया।मगर हिन्दू भीड़ ने मुसलमान स्त्रियों और बच्चों को कोई हानि नहीं पहुचाई।
अयोध्या मे प्रलय मचा हुआ था ।
इतिहासकार कनिंघम लिखता है की ये अयोध्या का सबसे बड़ा हिन्दू मुस्लिम बलवा था।
हिंदुओं ने अपना सपना पूरा किया और औरंगजेब द्वारा विध्वंस किए गए चबूतरे को फिर वापस बनाया। चबूतरे पर तीन फीट ऊँची खस की टाट से एक छोटा सा मंदिर बनवा लिया॥ जिसमे पुनः रामलला की स्थापना की गयी। कुछ जेहादी मुल्लाओं को ये बात स्वीकार नहीं हुई और कालांतर में जन्मभूमि फिर हिन्दुओं के हाथों से निकल गयी। सन 1857 की क्रांति मे बहादुर शाह जफर के समय में बाबा रामचरण दास ने एक मौलवी आमिर अली के साथ जन्मभूमि के उद्धार का प्रयास किया पर 18 मार्च सन 1858 को कुबेर टीला स्थित एक इमली के पेड़ मे दोनों को एक साथ अंग्रेज़ो ने फांसी पर लटका दिया। जब अंग्रेज़ो ने ये देखा कि ये पेड़ भी देशभक्तों एवं रामभक्तों के लिए एक स्मारक के रूप मे विकसित हो रहा है तब उन्होने इस पेड़ को कटवा कर इस आखिरी निशानी को भी मिटा दिया…
इस प्रकार अंग्रेज़ो की कुटिल नीति के कारण रामजन्मभूमि के उद्धार का यह एकमात्र प्रयास विफल हो गया …
अन्तिम बलिदान …
३० अक्टूबर १९९० को हजारों रामभक्तों ने वोट-बैंक के लालची मुलायम सिंह यादव के द्वारा खड़ी की गईं अनेक बाधाओं को पार कर अयोध्या में प्रवेश किया और विवादित ढांचे के ऊपर भगवा ध्वज फहरा दिया। लेकिन २ नवम्बर १९९० को मुख्यमंत्री मुलायम सिंह यादव ने कारसेवकों पर गोली चलाने का आदेश दिया, जिसमें सैकड़ों रामभक्तों ने अपने जीवन की आहुतियां दीं। सरकार ने मृतकों की असली संख्या छिपायी परन्तु प्रत्यक्षदर्शियों के अनुसार सरयू तट रामभक्तों की लाशों से पट गया था। ४ अप्रैल १९९१ को कारसेवकों के हत्यारे, उत्तर प्रदेश के तत्कालीन मुख्यमंत्री मुलायम सिंह यादव ने इस्तीफा दिया।
लाखों राम भक्त ६ दिसम्बर को कारसेवा हेतु अयोध्या पहुंचे और राम जन्मस्थान पर बाबर के सेनापति द्वार बनाए गए अपमान के प्रतीक मस्जिदनुमा ढांचे को ध्वस्त कर दिया। परन्तु हिन्दू समाज के अन्दर व्याप्त घोर संगठनहीनता एवं नपुंसकता के कारण आज भी हिन्दुओं के सबसे बड़े आराध्य भगवान श्रीराम एक फटे हुए तम्बू में विराजमान हैं। जिस जन्मभूमि के उद्धार के लिए हमारे पूर्वजों ने अपना रक्त पानी की तरह बहाया। आज वही हिन्दू बेशर्मी से इसे “एक विवादित स्थल” कहता है।
सदियों से हिन्दुओं के साथ रहने वाले मुसलमानों ने आज भी जन्मभूमि पर अपना दावा नहीं छोड़ा है। वो यहाँ किसी भी हाल में मन्दिर नहीं बनने देना चाहते हैं ताकि हिन्दू हमेशा कुढ़ता रहे और उन्हें नीचा दिखाया जा सके।
जिस कौम ने अपने ही भाईयों की भावना को नहीं समझा वो सोचते हैं हिन्दू उनकी भावनाओं को समझे। आज तक किसी भी मुस्लिम संगठन ने जन्मभूमि के उद्धार के लिए आवाज नहीं उठायी, प्रदर्शन नहीं किया और सरकार पर दबाव नहीं बनाया आज भी वे बाबरी-विध्वंस की तारीख 6 दिसम्बर को काला दिन मानते हैं। और मूर्ख हिन्दू समझता है कि राम जन्मभूमि राजनीतिज्ञों और मुकदमों के कारण उलझा हुआ है।
ये लेख पढ़कर जिन हिन्दुओं को शर्म नहीं आयी वो कृपया अपने घरों में राम का नाम ना लें…अपने रिश्तेदारों से कह दें कि उनके मरने के बाद कोई “राम नाम” का नारा भी नहीं लगाएं।।
जय श्री राम।

स्वदेशी की मुहीम से जुड़ने के लिए पेज को लाइक कीजिये और देश की प्रगति में भागीदार बनिये।