Jonggrang loro temple is often referred to Prambanan located right on the border province of Yogyakarta special region and Central Java provinces.Approximately 17 km to the east of the city of Yogyakarta or about 53 km west solo. This Prambanan complex enshrinement into two regions namely complex western part of Central Java province in area. Prambanan monument standing on the east side Opak approximately 200m north Jl. Yogya-Solo highway.
Origin of name
Cluster of temples is called “PRAMBANAN” because it is located in the Prambanan. The name “Loro Jonggrang” relates to the legend of a virgin meceritakan Jonggrang or daughter of King Boko tall girl.
Prambanan is the enshrinement of Hindu kings built by the Sanjaya Dynasty in the ninth century. Found article luring the name of this temple raises the idea that the temple was built by Rakai Pikatan are then solved by the Rakai Balitung by stone inscription dated 856 AD “Inscription Siwargrha” as a political manifest to confirm kedudukanya as a great king. The transfer of the center of the kingdom of Mataram to East Java terawatnya not result in the temples in the area plus the earthquake and the eruption of Mount Merapi several times made the temple Prambanan tinggslal collapsed rock debris scattered about. It is sad that the state at the time of the rediscovery of Prambanan temple.
Restoration efforts undertaken Dutch government is running very slow and ultimately valuable restoration work was completed by the Indonesian people. On December 20, 1953 the restoration of the temple of Loro Jonggrang officially declared over by Dr. Ir. Sukarno as the first President of the Republic of Indonesia.
Until now the restoration work continues, the restoration of the temple of Brahma Vishnu temple. Brahma temple restoration began in 1977 and was completed and inaugurated on March 23, 1987. While Vishnu temple restoration began in 1982, completed and inaugurated by President Soeharto on 27 April 1991.
Enshrinement Prambanan complex consists of the background, middle ground and background of the (background center) are increasingly in the direction of the higher lying.
Consecutive sequential breadth: 390 square meters, 222 square meters and 110 square meters. Lower background did not contain any. In the middle ground there are ruins of temples ancillary.
If seluruhya been completely refurbished, there will be 224 temples that are all the same size, namely broad basic 6 meters and 14 meters high. Background center is paramount above background stand 16 large and small temples. The main temples consist of two rows facing each other. The first row is the temple of Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma temple. The second row of the Nandi temple, the temple and the temple Garuda Geese. At the opposite end of the hallway that separates the two rows of the temple there is a temple Apit. Eight other smaller temples. Four of them temples screen and four other temple called temple Angle. Overall enshrinement consists of 240 temples.
The temple with a base 34 meters high and 47 meters square is the largest and most important.
Named siwa temple because in it there is a statue of Siwa Mahadewa the biggest statue. The building is divided into three sections vertically legs, body and head / roof. Foot of the temple depict “the underworld” where humans are still shrouded in lust, the temple described the “middle world” where people who have left the world and the roof depict “the world over” place of the gods. Figure cosmos appears also in the presence of statues of gods and celestial beings who describing Mahameru mountain (Mount Everest in India) where the gods. Prambanan is the enshrinement reflika mountain was proved by the statues of gods carved Lokapala siwa temple on foot. Four entrances to the temple according to the four cardinal directions, the main door facing east with the greatest entry stairs. On either side stand two giant statues guard with a mace which is the seminal vestment of siwa. In the temple, there are four rooms facing the four cardinal directions and surround biggest room in the middle. Rooms forefront empty, while the other three rooms each containing statues’ siwa guru, ganesha and durga “. Basic foot of the temple surrounded corridor bordered by balustrades. In the dining ledge next to the story of Ramayana there is a relief which can be followed by “circumambulation” (running clockwise) starting from the main door. The ornaments on the outer wall of the form “-Kinari Kinari” (bird-headed human bodied creatures) “kalamakara” (the head of a giant tongue tangible mythology) and other heavenly beings. The temple roof terraced with a very complex arrangement each decorated srjumlah “jewel” and the peak there is a “jewel” greatest.
ARCA Siwa Mahadewa
According to the teachings of the most revered Hindu trinity of Brahma is the creator, then as a custodian of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva as the destroyer of nature. But in India and Indonesia, the most famous is Lord Shiva. In Java, Lord Shiva is considered the most high, because there is honor as Mahadeva. This statue has a height of 3 feet standing on a stone foundation as high as 1 meter. Among the statues legs and bases are round-shaped stone lotus flower. This statue depict King Balitung, signs as Shiva is the skull on top of the crescent moon on his crown, third eye on his forehead, with four sweepstakes snake, tiger skin around his waist and arms trident on the back of the statue. His hands were holding a fan, rosary, lotus buds and round object as a seed of the universe. King Balitung seen as the embodiment of Shiva that was established after the death of a Shiva statue by heredity and its people.
Grand Master Shiva statue
This statue of a bearded old form standing with belly fat. kananya hands holding prayer beads, his left hand holding a jar and shoulders are fans. All these are signs of a hermit. Trident is located on the right rear indicates the typical weapon Siwa.Arca illustrates a priest of nature in the court of King Balitung well as an advisor and teacher. Because of great merit in spreading Hindu-Shiva, he is viewed as one aspect (shape) of Shiva.
This statue of the elephant-headed human form handed sitting with belly fat. Hands holding prayer beads and ax behind him while holding hands depanya own fault tusks and a bowl. The tip is inserted into the bowl trunk illustrating that he was never satisfied gulp science. Ganesha is a symbol of wisdom and knowledge, blocker every difficulty. On the crown there is a skull and crescent as a sign that he is son of Shiva and Uma, his wife. This statue depict crown once warlord King Balitung.
Durga or Loro Jonggrang
This statue is eight-handed form of a woman holding a wide range of weapons: Chakra, Gada, darts, bulls, Sankha, shields, bows, arrows and hair-headed Mercury Asura. He stood on top of Nandi bull in a “Tribangga” (3 styles of motion that form the hollow body 3). Nandi bull actual incarnation of Asura in disguise.
Durga successfully beat and stepped out of his mouth so forth Asura ago arrest. He is one aspect of the “magic” (wife) of Shiva.
According to mythology he created from the flames coming out of the bodies of the gods. Durga is the goddess of death, because the statue is facing north which is the cardinal’s death. This statue is actually very beautiful when seen from a distance looks like a living da smile but his nose has been damaged by ignorant hands. This statue illustrates consort of King Balitung.
Basically spacious 20 square meters and 37 meters high.In the only room there stood the statue of the four-headed Brahma and sleeves 4. This statue is actually very beautiful but it is damaged.One hand holds a rosary that only holds “Kamandalu” place of water. The four face Vedic scriptures describe four each facing the four cardinal directions. Fourth by hand describes the four cardinal directions. As a creator he is carrying water for the whole universe out of the water. rosary describe the time. Basic foot of the temple is also surrounded by a restricted corridor next to the carved balustrade reliefs of Ramayana continued story and similar relief at the Shiva temple to finish
Shapes, sizes and wall hangings outer relief with Brahma temple. In the only room there stood the statue of four-armed Vishnu who holds Gada, Chakra, oysters. On the wall to the ledge next to the carved reliefs of Krishna’s story as “Avatara” or incarnation of Vishnu and Balarama (Balarama) brother.
Basically spacious 15 square meters and a height of 25 meters. didala the only room available, lies the statue of a bull in a manner merseka length of approximately 2 meters. In the back corner there is a statue of the god Chandra. Candra-eyed 3 standing on a chariot drawn by seven horses ekir. This temple collapsed.
The temple has a room that is not filled with anything. Basically spacious 13 square meters and a height of 22 meters. Perhaps this room is only used for the enclosure Geese, animals usually driven by Brahma.
The shape, size and ornate temple walls with Geese. In the only room that was there in the form of a small statue of Garuda on a dragon.
Garuda is the vehicle of Vishnu.
Essentially broad 6 meters with a height of 16 meters. The room is empty. Perhaps this temple used to meditate before entering the main temples. Because keindahanya he probably used to implant aesthetics in Prambanan complex enshrinement.
Basically spacious square with a height of 1.55 meters 4.10 meters. This temple has no entrance stairs. Its function as a repellent reinforcements.
The size of the temples is the same as the temple Kelir.
Temple Barns, Bubrah, and Sewu temple is in ruins but still enjoyed keindahanya Sewu all located in the complex of Prambanan Garden.
It is located 1 km to the east of the temple Sewu. The temple was built in the mid 9th century AD by Rakai Pikatan as a gift to the queen. Group Plaosan Lor temple (north) consists of two main temple, 58 and 126 pieces ancillary stupas. Group South Plaosan temple (south) only in the form of a temple. Divided into 2 main temple courtyard, each of which stands on top of a two-storey convent. Level up to the abode of the Buddhist monks and the lower level for religious activities.
The location of this temple is 2 km to the south east of the enshrinement of Prambanan. Some are just in ruins. At the foot of the temple reliefs sculpted animal stories containing the values of philosophy.
It is located 3 km to the south of the monument Prambanan, stood on the hill that the South is the continuation of a Thousand mountains with scenic views of the surrounding nature. The building is very unique, different from other buildings and more impressive each other a palace (palace).
Estimated Balaputra Gods of the Buddhist Sailendra dynasty, founded in the mid-9th century AD as a strategic bulwark against Rakai Pikatan. According to legend this is where lies the Ratu Boko, Loro Jonggrang father.
The temple is located 200 m to the southeast of the Boko temple, standing on top of a valley. “Banyu” means “water”, “Nibo” means “falling drip”. Both have a poetic meaning for the Javanese people. This Buddhist temple was founded in the 9th century AD.
ari means “beautiful” or “pretty” as the slim shape .. Perhaps because keindahanya that interest he is so called. Peak of the roof is decorated with the same nine stupas congruent and arranged in 3 rows. At the bottom of each stupa contained 2-storey rooms were used as a residence, a place of meditation and teaching.
Bodhisattva statues carved on the outer walls. The walls are decorated with very beautiful. Buddhist monastery built in the 8th century AD, is located on the left side of Yogya-Solo highway, go 500 meters to the north. Building with panjang17, 32 meters and 10 meters wide is a part of a collection of temples that have been lost.
Remains of Buddhism in Yogyakarta and Central Java are Kalasan.Letak temple on the right side of Yogya-Solo highway miles. 13 entered a few hundred meters towards the south. The temple was founded by Panangkaran, the second king of the ancient Mataram kingdom in the 8th century BC as an offering to the goddess Tara. Curved “Kala-makara” with ornate carved above the heaven above the entrance so beautifully. The beauty of the decoration and relief-relief caused by the use of the same ancient cement “Bajralepa”. This temple is considered a gem of art in Central Java.
It is located approximately 5.5 km from Prambanan enshrinement to the west and about 2.5 km to the north of the highway Yogya-solo. Once buried for centuries because of the eruption of Mount Merapi in July 1966 it was rediscovered by chance by a farmer working on his land. In 1986 has been completely refurbished. Keunikanya he located 6.5 meters below the ground surface and do not have the actual foot of the temple. The building consists of a main temple and three ancillary temples discarnate or legs. On the sides of the outer walls of the temple are the parent niches containing statues: Durga, Ganesh and Shiva are Mahaguru.Di in ruanganya phallus and yoni, the two aspects of Shiva. Totality and unity they represent fertility. This Hindu temple is expected to start up between approximately 812-838 AD.