Posted in संस्कृत साहित्य

Kuladevata darshan and the Gotra system in Hinduism


*Kuladevata darshan and the Gotra system in Hinduism*

The seniors and elders in the family and the old family priest used to tell me that we should go for our Kuladevata (Kuladev and Kuladaivat = family or Gotra deity, that is either a god or a goddess) darshan.

We have a tradition of village (community) deity -that’s Lakshmi Narasimha – and Gotra deity – that’s Mahalasa Narayani. Our Kuladevta temple is in Mardol, Goa hence we decided to go for a quick visit and reached temple on November 1, 2014.

The temple of Mahalsa Narayani is located at the small village of Mardol, about 22 kms from Panaji, the capital city of Goa. The Goddess Mahalsa is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, hence the name Mahalsa Narayani (Mohini, a a beautiful damsel representing the form of an enchantress). There are a number of legends associated with the deity and how she came into being.

For starters, the Sanatan Dharma followers (or Hindus) were living happily and peacefully from Gandhara Desa (today’s Afghanistan) to Philippines (including Tibet and China’s Yunnan Province) centuries ago. My ancestors were believed lived somewhere in Kashmir to Nepal belt five thousand years ago. Mahalsa Narayani temple was somewhere in Nepal.

The Goddess deity was moved from Nepal to Aurangabad in Maharashtra. During the Mugal invasion in Aurangabad the idol was moved to a secret location in Goa. Later, the deity was housed in a temple at a shrine in village of Verna which is now the site of an industrial estate. Along with other 4000 Goan temples, this beautiful temple at Verna was also marked for destruction by the Portuguese missionaries around 1543 as part of inquisition.

However, before the actual demolition could take place the idol of the deity was smuggled away across the river by faithful devotees, to the safer locale of Mardol, where it is located today.

Mahalasa is Kuladevata for my Gotra. My Gotra is Vishwamitra- Aghamarshana- Kamsi.

“What’s a Gotra?”

Gotra = lineage (Sanskrit). Many lines of descent from the major Rishis (Sages or Saints or Seers) were later grouped separately. The sages were probably the source of the gene pool in ancient India. The Gotra is a system that associates a person with his most ancient or root ancestor in an unbroken lineage. For instance if a person says that he belongs to the Vaashishtha Gotra then it means that he traces back his ancestry to the ancient Rishi Vashishtha. So Gotra refers to the root person in a person’s lineage.

There are approximately 49 Gotras. The major Gotras were divided into ganas (subdivisions) and each gana was further divided into groups of families.

People belonging to various castes may have same Gotra Hindu social system. Even gods have Gotra – Sri Rama is considered to be of Vaashishtha Gotra and Sita is of Vatsa Gotra. Lord Venkateswara belongs to Bharadwaja Gotra.

For thousands of years, people maintained the genetic track in their own way – never mixing it up or doing anything which will disturb the track – so that their progeny come out well – remember, those sages perfected life-style to attain ‘Ayur, Arogya and Saukhyam'( longevity, health and happiness). The system was founded upon yoga, meditation, pranayama (In many forms like Sandhya Vandana, Surya Namaskar, Shodasa Karma etc) and perfect food habit based upon pure vegetarianism. It was known as “Sattvik” life style. The life-expectancy of an average human being was 126 years then – that too with good health.

“Is Gotra scientific and relevant today?” You might ask.

I am not an expert to comment on that. Our ancestors considered the best method to verify the genetic feasibility of a marriage is to prevent same Gotra marriage. A Bride and a Bridegroom belonging to the same Gotra are considered to be siblings and hence it is prohibited for them to marry even if they belong to distant families. Such marriages may cause genetic disorders in their offspring. Its a fact that we all inherit the DNA of our ancestors. If both are from the same lineage, they will carry more or less the same type of DNA. So Gotra system may have had some wisdom in order to avoid in breeding.

Today, we can conduct a DNA test of little bone of someone who died a hundred years ago and compare it with your DNA and find if he was your grandfather. You can do this even for someone who died ten thousand years ago. Modern science is researching more on this. They can find something that works for your DNA, and all the people who have that type of DNA will get benefit. Reflect this on Sattvik life-style.

If marriages take place within the same Gotra then the risk of Recessive Gene Disorder (RGD) becomes higher. But it does not mean every such couple will give birth to a baby with the RGD. If two recessive genes, one from mother and the other from father, happen to join then the manifestation of single gene-specific disease is sure. According to medical science, an inbred man or women may suffer from as many as 6000 ailments, arising out of genetic disorder.

The Gotra System might have had its benefits in its initial days – so Gotra was the single criteria for marriage. But thousands of years later today Gotra is replaced by superstitious horoscope matching and material gains in matrimonial alliances.

The Hindu Marriage Act of 1955 legalizes marriage between members of the same Gotra. So it doesn’t have any legal or traditional sanctity today.

Very few people (especially those who belong to Brahmin community) know about their Gotra. Even they are not following the life-style perfected by those Sages. We don’t know how many of our grandparents maintained the lineage. There has been lot of cross-breeding, inter-connections, mutations and conversions happened during the last few centuries. There are cases of artificial insemination too. So the chances of having the same recessive gene or perfect gene are very scarce … (around 0.000001%). So, we cannot prove anything in a laboratory.

Still, why should one take such risk? I am seeing and listening to hundreds of miseries in life – diseases, infertility, stress, depression, failures etc. It could have from RGD. And we have fools-proof system to fight it out. So I advocate the sattvik life style to all. Even if we do not know our Gotra and even if Gotra is irrelevant today, our DNA would quickly heal itself by being Sattvik. Hence it is worth your life. As you go ahead in your life you will understand this truth. (http://udaypai.in/)

*Kuladevata darshan and the Gotra system in Hinduism* The seniors and elders in the family and the old family priest used to tell me that we should go for our Kuladevata (Kuladev and Kuladaivat = family or Gotra deity, that is either a god or a goddess) darshan. We have a tradition of village (community) deity -that's Lakshmi Narasimha - and Gotra deity - that's Mahalasa Narayani. Our Kuladevta temple is in Mardol, Goa hence we decided to go for a quick visit and reached temple on November 1, 2014. The temple of Mahalsa Narayani is located at the small village of Mardol, about 22 kms from Panaji, the capital city of Goa. The Goddess Mahalsa is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, hence the name Mahalsa Narayani (Mohini, a a beautiful damsel representing the form of an enchantress). There are a number of legends associated with the deity and how she came into being. For starters, the Sanatan Dharma followers (or Hindus) were living happily and peacefully from Gandhara Desa (today's Afghanistan) to Philippines (including Tibet and China's Yunnan Province) centuries ago. My ancestors were believed lived somewhere in Kashmir to Nepal belt five thousand years ago. Mahalsa Narayani temple was somewhere in Nepal. The Goddess deity was moved from Nepal to Aurangabad in Maharashtra. During the Mugal invasion in Aurangabad the idol was moved to a secret location in Goa. Later, the deity was housed in a temple at a shrine in village of Verna which is now the site of an industrial estate. Along with other 4000 Goan temples, this beautiful temple at Verna was also marked for destruction by the Portuguese missionaries around 1543 as part of inquisition. However, before the actual demolition could take place the idol of the deity was smuggled away across the river by faithful devotees, to the safer locale of Mardol, where it is located today. Mahalasa is Kuladevata for my Gotra. My Gotra is Vishwamitra- Aghamarshana- Kamsi. "What's a Gotra?" Gotra = lineage (Sanskrit). Many lines of descent from the major Rishis (Sages or Saints or Seers) were later grouped separately. The sages were probably the source of the gene pool in ancient India. The Gotra is a system that associates a person with his most ancient or root ancestor in an unbroken lineage. For instance if a person says that he belongs to the Vaashishtha Gotra then it means that he traces back his ancestry to the ancient Rishi Vashishtha. So Gotra refers to the root person in a person’s lineage. There are approximately 49 Gotras. The major Gotras were divided into ganas (subdivisions) and each gana was further divided into groups of families. People belonging to various castes may have same Gotra Hindu social system. Even gods have Gotra - Sri Rama is considered to be of Vaashishtha Gotra and Sita is of Vatsa Gotra. Lord Venkateswara belongs to Bharadwaja Gotra. For thousands of years, people maintained the genetic track in their own way – never mixing it up or doing anything which will disturb the track – so that their progeny come out well - remember, those sages perfected life-style to attain 'Ayur, Arogya and Saukhyam'( longevity, health and happiness). The system was founded upon yoga, meditation, pranayama (In many forms like Sandhya Vandana, Surya Namaskar, Shodasa Karma etc) and perfect food habit based upon pure vegetarianism. It was known as "Sattvik" life style. The life-expectancy of an average human being was 126 years then - that too with good health. "Is Gotra scientific and relevant today?" You might ask. I am not an expert to comment on that. Our ancestors considered the best method to verify the genetic feasibility of a marriage is to prevent same Gotra marriage. A Bride and a Bridegroom belonging to the same Gotra are considered to be siblings and hence it is prohibited for them to marry even if they belong to distant families. Such marriages may cause genetic disorders in their offspring. Its a fact that we all inherit the DNA of our ancestors. If both are from the same lineage, they will carry more or less the same type of DNA. So Gotra system may have had some wisdom in order to avoid in breeding. Today, we can conduct a DNA test of little bone of someone who died a hundred years ago and compare it with your DNA and find if he was your grandfather. You can do this even for someone who died ten thousand years ago. Modern science is researching more on this. They can find something that works for your DNA, and all the people who have that type of DNA will get benefit. Reflect this on Sattvik life-style. If marriages take place within the same Gotra then the risk of Recessive Gene Disorder (RGD) becomes higher. But it does not mean every such couple will give birth to a baby with the RGD. If two recessive genes, one from mother and the other from father, happen to join then the manifestation of single gene-specific disease is sure. According to medical science, an inbred man or women may suffer from as many as 6000 ailments, arising out of genetic disorder. The Gotra System might have had its benefits in its initial days - so Gotra was the single criteria for marriage. But thousands of years later today Gotra is replaced by superstitious horoscope matching and material gains in matrimonial alliances. The Hindu Marriage Act of 1955 legalizes marriage between members of the same Gotra. So it doesn't have any legal or traditional sanctity today. Very few people (especially those who belong to Brahmin community) know about their Gotra. Even they are not following the life-style perfected by those Sages. We don't know how many of our grandparents maintained the lineage. There has been lot of cross-breeding, inter-connections, mutations and conversions happened during the last few centuries. There are cases of artificial insemination too. So the chances of having the same recessive gene or perfect gene are very scarce ... (around 0.000001%). So, we cannot prove anything in a laboratory. Still, why should one take such risk? I am seeing and listening to hundreds of miseries in life - diseases, infertility, stress, depression, failures etc. It could have from RGD. And we have fools-proof system to fight it out. So I advocate the sattvik life style to all. Even if we do not know our Gotra and even if Gotra is irrelevant today, our DNA would quickly heal itself by being Sattvik. Hence it is worth your life. As you go ahead in your life you will understand this truth. (http://udaypai.in/)
Posted in रामायण - Ramayan

The Persian Ramayanas


Interesting – An unwilling scholar translates Samskrit Ramayan to Persian on the order of a king. The piece becomes historical for having touch of royal generations.

Article:
The Persian Ramayanas
By Rana Safvi

The story of Ramayana is one of the most ancient and sacred stories of India. It was originally composed in Sanskrit by Valmiki and later translated in Awadhi by Tulsidas.

However, besides the famous Ramayana in Sanskrit and Hindi there are no less than twenty-three Ramayana in Indo-Persian Literature. Some of these versions are translated from the original Sanskrit, while others are based on the Ramayana of Tulsidas.

According to Abul Fazl these translations were ordered by Emperor Akbar to dispel the fanatical hatred between the Hindus and the Muslims, as he was convinced that it arose only from mutual ignorance.

This statement is as relevant today as it was then for all communities. It is important we read each other's scriptures and make an effort to understand each other's religion, culture and beliefs. It is very easy to hate in ignorance or get taken in by hate filled propaganda by bigots and fanatics.

After all there is just One Supreme Being, we just call Him by different names and worship in different ways

The first Ramayana in Persian was by Mulla’ Abdul Qadir Badayuni. In A.H. 992/A.D. 1584 Emperor Akbar asked him to translate this story from Sanskrit. Badayauni though reluctant to translate it, spent four years on this assignment and finished it in A.H. 997/A.D. 1589. 

It was beautifully illustrated unlike the original Sanskrit Ramayana and contains 176 illustrations. It is kept in the Sawai Man Singh, Jaipur Museum 

According to B.N Goswamy in “Another Ramayana” “the manuscript seems to have belonged once to the mother of the emperor Akbar, Hamida Banu, often referred to with the title of Maryam Makani’, ‘dwelling at the same loftiness as the Virgin Mary’. There is increasing evidence that Hamida Bano was a collector of books in her own right, for some very early manuscripts —dating back even to the days when Humayun had just conquered India again— bear her name, and the impression of her seal, indicating her ownership of these.”
On the flyleaf of this Ramayana, too, there are numerous seals and inscriptions, among them a note that this manuscript, completed in 1593, was viewed by Maryam Makani in August 1604, apparently when she was on her deathbed. There are other seals and dated notes on the leaf, including inspection notes by the emperors Jahangir and Aurganzeb, in their respective hands. Apparently, this was no ordinary manuscript. For, to its intrinsic value as a work of art (one note records the price of the work as 550 gold mohurs) had been added — in the eyes of the two emperors — the immeasurable value of the fact that the hands of a revered ancestor of theirs had once touched it.

Read more:

http://bit.ly/1yNBcLC

Image:
The Ramayana translated by Badayuni

Article:
The Persian Ramayanas
By Rana Safvi

The story of Ramayana is one of the most ancient and sacred stories of India. It was originally composed in Sanskrit by Valmiki and later translated in Awadhi by Tulsidas.

However, besides the famous Ramayana in Sanskrit and Hindi there are no less than twenty-three Ramayana in Indo-Persian Literature. Some of these versions are translated from the original Sanskrit, while others are based on the Ramayana of Tulsidas.

According to Abul Fazl these translations were ordered by Emperor Akbar to dispel the fanatical hatred between the Hindus and the Muslims, as he was convinced that it arose only from mutual ignorance.

This statement is as relevant today as it was then for all communities. It is important we read each other’s scriptures and make an effort to understand each other’s religion, culture and beliefs. It is very easy to hate in ignorance or get taken in by hate filled propaganda by bigots and fanatics.

After all there is just One Supreme Being, we just call Him by different names and worship in different ways

The first Ramayana in Persian was by Mulla’ Abdul Qadir Badayuni. In A.H. 992/A.D. 1584 Emperor Akbar asked him to translate this story from Sanskrit. Badayauni though reluctant to translate it, spent four years on this assignment and finished it in A.H. 997/A.D. 1589.

It was beautifully illustrated unlike the original Sanskrit Ramayana and contains 176 illustrations. It is kept in the Sawai Man Singh, Jaipur Museum

According to B.N Goswamy in “Another Ramayana” “the manuscript seems to have belonged once to the mother of the emperor Akbar, Hamida Banu, often referred to with the title of Maryam Makani’, ‘dwelling at the same loftiness as the Virgin Mary’. There is increasing evidence that Hamida Bano was a collector of books in her own right, for some very early manuscripts —dating back even to the days when Humayun had just conquered India again— bear her name, and the impression of her seal, indicating her ownership of these.”
On the flyleaf of this Ramayana, too, there are numerous seals and inscriptions, among them a note that this manuscript, completed in 1593, was viewed by Maryam Makani in August 1604, apparently when she was on her deathbed. There are other seals and dated notes on the leaf, including inspection notes by the emperors Jahangir and Aurganzeb, in their respective hands. Apparently, this was no ordinary manuscript. For, to its intrinsic value as a work of art (one note records the price of the work as 550 gold mohurs) had been added — in the eyes of the two emperors — the immeasurable value of the fact that the hands of a revered ancestor of theirs had once touched it.

Read more:

http://bit.ly/1yNBcLC

Image:
The Ramayana translated by Badayuni

Posted in भारतीय उत्सव - Bhartiya Utsav

तुलसी विवाह कथा


तुलसी विवाह कथा>>>
एक लड़की थी जिसका नाम वृंदा था राक्षस कुल में उसका जन्म हुआ था बचपन से ही भगवान विष्णु जी की भक्त थी.बड़े ही प्रेम से भगवान की सेवा,पूजा किया करती थी.जब वे बड़ी हुई तो उनका विवाह राक्षस कुल में दानव राज जलंधर से हो गया,जलंधर समुद्र से उत्पन्न हुआ था.वृंदा बड़ी ही पतिव्रता स्त्री थी सदा अपने पति की सेवा किया करती थी.

एक बार देवताओ और दानवों में युद्ध हुआ जब जलंधर युद्ध पर जाने लगे तो वृंदा ने कहा – स्वामी आप युध पर जा रहे है आप जब तक युद्ध में रहेगे में पूजा में बैठकर आपकी जीत के लिये अनुष्ठान करुगी,और जब तक आप वापस नहीं आ जाते में अपना संकल्प नही छोडूगी,जलंधर तो युद्ध में चले गये,और वृंदा व्रत का संकल्प लेकर पूजा में बैठ गयी,उनके व्रत के प्रभाव से देवता भी जलंधर को ना जीत सके सारे देवता जब हारने लगे तो भगवान विष्णु जी के पास गये.

सबने भगवान से प्रार्थना की तो भगवान कहने लगे कि – वृंदा मेरी परम भक्त है में उसके साथ छल नहीं कर सकता पर देवता बोले – भगवान दूसरा कोई उपाय भी तो नहीं है अब आप ही हमारी मदद कर सकते है.

भगवान ने जलंधर का ही रूप रखा और वृंदा के महल में पँहुच गये जैसे ही वृंदा ने अपने पति को देखा,वे तुरंत पूजा मे से उठ गई और उनके चरणों को छू लिए,जैसे ही उनका संकल्प टूटा,युद्ध में देवताओ ने जलंधर को मार दिया और उसका सिर काटकर अलग कर दिया,उनका सिर वृंदा के महल में गिरा जब वृंदा ने देखा कि मेरे पति का सिर तो कटा पडा है तो फिर ये जो मेरे सामने खड़े है ये कौन है?

उन्होंने पूँछा – आप कौन हो जिसका स्पर्श मैने किया,तब भगवान अपने रूप में आ गये पर वे कुछ ना बोल सके,वृंदा सारी बात समझ गई,उन्होंने भगवान को श्राप दे दिया आप पत्थर के हो जाओ,भगवान तुंरत पत्थर के हो गये सबी देवता हाहाकार करने लगे लक्ष्मी जी रोने लगे और प्राथना करने लगे यब वृंदा जी ने भगवान को वापस वैसा ही कर दिया और अपने पति का सिर लेकर वे सती हो गयी.

उनकी राख से एक पौधा निकला तब भगवान विष्णु जी ने कहा –आज से इनका नाम तुलसी है,और मेरा एक रूप इस पत्थर के रूप में रहेगा जिसे शालिग्राम के नाम से तुलसी जी के साथ ही पूजा जायेगा और में बिना तुलसी जी के भोग स्वीकार नहीं करुगा.तब से तुलसी जी कि पूजा सभी करने लगे.और तुलसी जी का विवाह शालिग्राम जी के साथ कार्तिक मास में किया जाता है.देवउठनी एकादशी के दिन इसे तुलसी विवाह के रूप में मनाया जाता है…..haribol

“अंत समय जब आये मेरा , साँसों में तेरा नाम हो।
छवि हो आँखों में तेरी, मन तेरे चरणों के पास हो।।
जीवन भर तो निभाया है, बस इतनी और निभा देना।
क्षमा कर सब पाप मेरे, तू अपने धाम बुला लेना।।”
कोई पकड़ के मेरा हाथ रे मोहे बरसाना पहुंचा दो
हम सबकी हाजरी भी लगवा दो
हमको दर्शन की आस हमको दर्श दिखा दो
मेरे मोहन प्यारे के कोई अब तो नयन दिखा दो

Posted in भारत का गुप्त इतिहास- Bharat Ka rahasyamay Itihaas

गांधी और नेहरू


देशद्रोही गांधी और नेहरू

शहीदे आज़म भगत सिंहको फांसी कि सजा सुनाईजा चुकी थी ,इसके कारनहुतात्मा चंद्रशेखर आज़ाद काफी परेसानऔर चिंतित हो गय। भगत सिंहकि फांसी को रोकने के लिए आज़ाद नेब्रिटिश सरकार पर दवाब बनानेका फैसला लिया इसके लिए आज़ाद नेगांधी से मिलने का वक्त माँगा लेकिनगांधी नेकहा कि वो किसी भी उग्रवादी सेनहीं मिल सकते।गांधी जनता था कि अगर भगत सिंह औरआज़ाद जेसे क्रन्तिकारी औरज्यादा जीवित रह गय तो वो युवाओ केहीरो बन जायेंगे। ऐसी स्थति मेंगांधी को पूछने वाला कोई ना रहता।हमने आपको कई बार बताया है कि किसतरह गांधी ने भगत सिंह को मरवाने केलिए एक दिन पहले फांसी दिलवाई। खैरहम फिर से आज़ाद कि व्याख्या पर आते है।गांधी से वक्त ना मिल पाने का बादआज़ाद ने नेहरू से मिलनेका फैसला लिया ,27 फरवरी 1931 के दिनआज़ाद ने नेहरू से मुलाकात की। ठीकइसी दिन आज़ाद ने नेहरू के सामने भगतसिंह कि फांसी को रोकनेकि विनती कि। बैठक में आज़ाद नेपूरी तैयारी के साथ भगत सिंह को बचानेका सफल प्लान रख दिया। जिसे देखकरनेहरू हक्का -बक्का रह गया क्यूंकि इसप्लान के तहत भगत सिंह को आसानी सेबचाया जा सकता था।नेहरू ने आज़ाद को मदत देने से साफ़मना कर दिया ,इस पर आज़ाद नाराजहो गय और नेहरू से जोरदार बहस हो गईफिर आज़ाद नाराज होकर अपनी साइकिलपर सवार होकर अल्फ्रेड पार्क कि होकरनिकल गय। पार्क में कुछ देर बैठने के बादही आज़ाद को पोलिस ने चारो तरफ से घेरलिया। पोलिस पूरी तैयारी के साथ आईथी जेसे उसे मालूम हो कि आज़ाद पार्क मेंही मौजूद है।आखरी साँस और आखरी गोली तकवो जाबांज अंग्रेजो के हाथनहीं लगा ,आज़ाद कि पिस्तौल में जब तकगोलिया बाकि थी तब तक कोई अंग्रेजउनके करीब नहीं आ सका। आखिर कारआज़ाद जीवन भरा आज़ाद ही रहा औरआज़ादी में ही वीर गति प्राप्त की।अब अक्ल का अँधा भी समज सकता हैकि नेहरु के घर से बहस करके निकल करपार्क में १५ मिनट अंदर भारी पोलिसबल आज़ाद को पकड़ने बिना नेहरूकि गद्दारी के नहीं पहुच सकता। नेहरू नेपोलिस को खबर दी कि आज़ाद इस वक्तपार्क में है और कुछ देर वही रुकनेवाला है। साथ ही कहा कि आज़ादको जिन्दा पकड़ने कि भूल ना करेनहीं तो भगत सिंह कि तरफ मामला बढ़सकता है।लेकन फिर भी कांग्रेस कि सरकार ने नेहरूको किताबो मेंबच्चो का क्रन्तिकारी चाचा नेहरूबना दिया और आज भी किताबो में आज़ादको “उग्रवादी” लिखा जाता है। लेकिनआज सच को सामने लाकर उस जाबाजको आखरी सलाम देना चाहते हो तो इसपोस्ट को शेयर करके सच्चाई को सभी केसामने लाने में मदत करे। आज के दिनयही शेयर उस निडर जांबाज भारतमाता के शेर के लिएसच्ची श्रद्धांजलि होगी।…Jai Hind

Posted in छोटी कहानिया - १०,००० से ज्यादा रोचक और प्रेरणात्मक

बहुत समय पहले रंजना नाम की एक महिला श्यामनगर में रहती थी.


बहुत समय पहले रंजना नाम की एक महिला श्यामनगर में रहती थी. उसके परिवार में तीन सदस्य थे – वह स्वयं, उसका पति और उसकी सास. रंजना की अपनी सास से बिल्कुल भी नहीं बनती थी. समय के साथ-साथ उनके सम्बन्ध सुधरने की बजाय बिगड़ते गए.

एक दिन बात इतनी बिगड़ गयी कि रंजना घर छोड़ कर अपने पीहर चली गयी. वह अपनी सास से बदला लेना चाहती थी. इसी इरादे से वह एक वैद्य के पास गयी और बोली, ‘ वैद्य जी, मैं अपनी सास से बहुत परेशान हूँ. मैं जो भी कार्य करूँ उसमें कमी निकालना उनकी आदत बन चुकी है. आप किसी भी तरह मुझे उनसे छुटकारा दिलवा दीजिये.’ वैद्य ने कहा, ‘बेटी, मैं तुम्हारी सहायता करूँगा पर जैसा मैं कहूँ तुम्हें वैसा ही करना होगा, नहीं तो तुम किसी समस्या में फंस जाओगी.’ वैद्य ने उसे कुछ जड़ी-बूटियाँ दी और कहा, ‘ये जड़ी बूटियां धीमे विष का कार्य करती है. इससे व्यक्ति की छह-सात माह में मृत्यु हो जाती है. तुम हर रोज एक पकवान बनाकर उसमें इन्हें मिलाकर अपनी सास को खिला देना. लेकिन इस बीच तुम्हें अपनी सास के साथ अच्छा बर्ताव करना होगा और उनकी सेवा भी ताकि तुम पर उन्हें शक ना हो. नहीं तो तुम पकड़ी जाओगी. अब तुम ख़ुशी- ख़ुशी ससुराल जाओ.’अगले दिन रंजना अपने ससुराल आ गयी. उसने अपना व्यवहार बिल्कुल बदल लिया. और जैसा वैद्य ने कहा वैसा ही करने लगी. उसे गुस्सा भी आता तो वैद्य की बात याद करके खुद पर नियंत्रण कर लेती. धीरे- धीरे घर का माहौल बदलने लगा. सास जो पहले बहु की बुराई करती फिरती थी अब उसकी तारीफ़ करते ना थकती. रंजना भी नाटक करते करते सच में बदल गयी थी. उसे अपनी सास अब अच्छी लगने लगी थी. छह महीने खत्म होने को थे और उसे अपनी सास की मृत्यु का भय सताने लगा.

वह वैद्य जी के पास गयी और बोली, ‘मैं अपनी सास को मारना नहीं चाहती. वे मुझसे बहुत प्यार करती हैं. कृपया ऐसी दवा दे दीजिये जिससे उनपर विष का प्रभाव खत्म हो जाए.’ वैद्य ने कहा, ‘मैंने तुम्हें कोई विष नहीं दिया था. विष तो तुम्हारी सोच में था. सुनकर ख़ुशी हुई कि तुम्हारी सेवा और प्रेम से तुम्हारा मन पवित्र हो गया. अब तुम चिंता मत करो और अपने परिवार के साथ ख़ुशी-ख़ुशी रहो. रंजना ने राहत की सांस ली और ख़ुशी- ख़ुशी अपने घर चली गयी.

Posted in छोटी कहानिया - १०,००० से ज्यादा रोचक और प्रेरणात्मक

मर्यादा/ लघु कथा


मर्यादा/ लघु कथा

” दादी, पापा रोज़ शराब पी कर, माँ को पीटते हैं.
आप राम -राम
करती रहती हैं, उन्हें रोकती क्यों नहीं?

”पोती ने
नाराज़गी से पूछा.

” अरे तेरा बाप किसी की सुनता है?, जो वह मेरे
कहने पर बहू पर
हाथ उठाने से रुक जायेगा और फिर पति –
पत्नी का मामला है,

मैं बीच में कैसे बोल सकती हूँ? ”

”आप जब अपने कमरे में माँ की शिकायतें लगाती हैं,
तब तो वे आपकी सारी बातें सुनते हैं, और फिर
पति -पत्नी
की बात कहाँ रह गई ?

रोज़ तमाशा होता है ”

” वह काम से सीधा मेरे कमरे में आता है, तेरी माँ को
जलन होती है, तुझे भी अपनी माँ की तरह, उसका,
मेरे कमरे में आना अच्छा नहीं लगता.”
”दादी आप माँ हो , आप का हक़ सबसे पहले है,
पर आप के कमरे से निकल कर, वे शराब पीते हैं
और माँ से लड़ते -झगड़ते हैं, उन्हें पीटते हैं,
यह गलत है. पापा को बोल देना कि अगर आज
माँ पर हाथ उठाया, तो हम तीनों बहनें, माँ के साथ,
खड़ी हो जाएँगी और ज़रुरत पड़ी तो पुलिस थाने
भी
चली जाएँगी, पर माँ को पिटने नहीं देंगी.”

” हे राम, यह सब दिखाने से पहले मुझे उठा क्यों
नहीं लेता,

मेरा बेटा बेचारा अकेला..

काश!

मेरा पोता होता,
यह दिन तो ना देखना पड़ता…..
बाप की मर्यादा रखता.”
” किस मर्यादा की बात करती हैं ?
गर्भवती पत्नी को
जंगलों में छोड़ कर मर्यादा पुरुषोत्तम कहलाने
वाले की ….

मर्यादा सिर्फ आदमी की
ही नहीं, औरत की भी होती है…”

Posted in भारतीय उत्सव - Bhartiya Utsav

Dev Diwali


Dev Diwali is one of the famous festivals of Hindu which is celebrated in Benares on the occasion of Kartik Poornima and start by holy Vedic mantras chanted by priests to please and welcome the God, sparkling fire crackers and a bunch of Diyas at the ghats.

At this occasion each and every ghats of Gange are packed with the great crowed of pilgrims and diyas. They flow thousands of Diyas (also known as earthen lamps) in the holy water of Gange for their Gods according to their rituals beliefs.

Dev Diwali 2014

Dev Diwali 2014 would be celebrated by the people on Wednesday, at 6th November 2014.

History and Legend of Dev Deepavali

Dev Deepavali is celebrated every year in the Varanasi on the fifteenth day of Diwali in the respect of Ganga by the pilgrims. It is held in the month of Kartik at Kartik Purnima when the moon become in his full view. It is celebrated and observed by the people with the great trumpet blast and overwhelms. In Hindu religion, Dev Deepavali is celebrated in the belief that the Gods descend on the Earth on this grand instance. There is another myth of celebrating Dev Deepavali that at this day demon Tripurasur has been killed by the Gods, so it is named as Dev Deepavali and celebrated as a victory day of the Gods at the Kartik Purnima.

How it starts and where it is held on:

This programmed gets start with the prayer of Lord Ganesha by presenting Ganpati Vandana, followed by laying garland of flower. Dev Deepavali presented by 21 Brahmins and 41 girls sounding vedic mantras. After Deep-Daan, the Maha Aarati is held on at Dasaswamedh Ghat which becomes the main attraction of the day. After all the cultural programs like dance performances by great personalities of Varanasi is held under the event Nritya Ganga.

Almost all ghats such as Assi Ghat, Suparshvanath Ghat, Boondiper Kota Ghat, Panchganga Ghat, Kedar Ghat, Ahilya Bai Ghat, Man Mandir Ghat are full of crowd and delight. A 12-ft statue of the Goddess Ganga becomes the center of the attraction at this day. People travel in the boat from here to there to have immense pleasure of this occasion. On this great instance devotees and pilgrims take a holy dip early in the morning in the sacred water of Gange known as the Kartik Snan. Many houses at Varanasi organize Akhand Ramayan with the allocation of bhogs.

Crowd and Decoration of Ghats

Ganga Mahotsav is also held at Dasaswamedh Ghat (the famous Gange ghat) around this occasion where a huge number of Hindu devotees start to come from the Prabodhini Ekadasi which is the eleventh day of the fortnight. The entire ghats of the Ganga from Varuna to Asi gets decorated with the tiny earthen lamps (known as Diya) and floral rangolis at the evening of Kartik Purnima and people starts gathering by the riverside before sunset to see the beauty. It is considered that pilgrims flow Diyas in water of Gange to welcoming the Gods who descend on the earth. This whole event makes a wonderful scene to watch. Gange arti also held on each Gange ghat with a huge lamps and done by priests of ghats.

Role of the Ganga Seva Nidhi

At this occasion, the Ganga Seva Nidhi manages a program in order to pay respect to the martyrs in which they put down flower garlands at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at Dashashwamedh Ghat. Dev Deepawali draws attention of millions of devotees and pilgrims every year. Because of the huge gathering at the ghats, enough security arrangements has been made by the UP government for safety purpose.

Posted in सुभाषित - Subhasit

सफलता के सात भेद, मुझे अपने कमरे के अंदर ही उत्तर मिल गये


सफलता के सात भेद, मुझे अपने
कमरे के अंदर
ही उत्तर मिल गये !
छत ने कहा : ऊँचे उद्देश्य
रखो !
पंखे ने कहा : ठन्डे रहो !
घडी ने कहा : हर मिनट
कीमती है !
शीशे ने कहा : कुछ करने से
पहले अपने अंदर झांक
लो !
खिड़की ने कहा :
दुनिया को देखो !
कैलेंडर ने कहा : Up-to-date
रहो !
दरवाजे ने कहा : अपने लक्ष्य
को प्राप्त करने के
लिए पूरा जोर लगाओ !

COPY BY अनिल ठाकुर-

Posted in भारत का गुप्त इतिहास- Bharat Ka rahasyamay Itihaas

TODAY AT UPERKOT FORT – JUNAGADH


Dashrath Varotariya added 21 new photos.
1 hr ·

TODAY AT UPERKOT FORT – JUNAGADH

An impressive fort, Uperkot, located on a plateau in the middle of town, was originally built during the Mauryan dynasty by Chandragupta in 319 BCE The fort remained in use until the 6th century, when it was abandoned for some 300 years, then rediscovered in 976 CE. The fort was besieged 16 times over an 800-year period. One unsuccessful siege lasted twelve years.

An inscription with fourteen Edicts of Ashoka is found on a large boulder within 2 km of Uperkot Fort.[2] The inscriptions carry Brahmi script in a language similar to Pali and date back to 250 BCE On the same rock are inscriptions in Sanskrit added around 150 CE by Mahakshatrap Rudradaman I, the Saka (Scythian) ruler of Malwa, a member of the Western Kshatrapas dynasty. Another inscription dates from about 450 CE and refers to Skandagupta, the last Gupta emperor. Old rock-cut Buddhist “caves” in this area, dating from well before 500 CE, have stone carvings and floral work. There are also the Khapra Kodia Caves north of the fort, and the Babupyana Caves south of the fort.

The Maitraka dynasty ruled Gujarat in western India from 475 to 767 CE The founder of the dynasty, general Bhatarka, a military governor of Saurashtra peninsula under the Gupta empire, established himself as the independent ruler of Gujarat approximately in the last quarter of the 5th century.
Chudasama Dynasty
The Chudasama are a Rajput clan found in the state of Gujarat in India. The Anthropological Survey of India, which relies heavily on sources compiled during the period of the British Raj, notes that they are “an offshoot of the Samma tribe, who entered India during the seventh or eighth century and are found in Kachchh, Junagadh and Jamnagar districts.” They claim to be originally of the Yadu clan or Yadava from Sindh . Harald Tambs-Lyche believes that there is evidence, based on myths, that a Chudasama kingdom existed at Junagadh in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. The dynasty is traditionally said to have been founded in 875 CE and around 1030 received assistance from members of the Ahir community in order to restore its power following a conquest of the kingdom by the king of Gujarat. The Chudasamas are sometimes referred to as the Ahirani Ranis, and Tambs-Lyche says that, “The structure of the Chudasama state , seems to have been an alliance between a small royal clan later to be classified as Rajputs and the Ahir tribe.”According to the historical past also an Ahir sepoy of Chudasama rulers Devayat Bodar who’s wife saved the Chudasama descendant from Bhimdev solanki , sacrificing her off spring like Panna Dhai , that’s why today also Chudasama are known as Bhanja (Nephews) of Ahirs . The last of these kings was Mandlik Chudasama then Mahmud Begarha, who also annexed the state . Begarha had attacked the Chudasama kingdom, which was known as Girnar, on several previous occasions.

Chudasama rulers
The Chudasama Rajputs ruled Junagadh longer than any others. The notable rulers include Chandra Chuda, 875-907; Rah’ Grahripu, 940-982; Solanki Rajput, 1010-1025; Ra Navghan, 1025-1044; Rah’ Khengar, 1044-1067

Various Rulers and Time Period

Maurya Dynasty ruled over Junagadh in 319 BC

Kalinga Dynasty ruled over Junagadh in 185 BC

Greek ruled over Junagadh in 73-70 BC

Shaka (Scythians) ruled over Junagadh 100-275 AD

Kshatrapa ruled over Junagadh 276-455 AD

Gupta ruled over Junagadh 456-770 AD

The Chinese Traveller Hu-en-Tsang had visited Junagadh 640 AD

Chudasama ruled over Junagadh 875-1472 AD

Muslim Rulers Mohammed Begada, Khalil Khan 1472-1572 AD

Mughals ruled over Junagadh 1573-1748 AD

Nawabs of Babi Dynasty(Yousufzai Pathan) ruled over 1749-1949 AD

Dashrath Varotariya's photo.
Dashrath Varotariya's photo.
Dashrath Varotariya's photo.
Dashrath Varotariya's photo.
Dashrath Varotariya's photo.
Posted in भारत का गुप्त इतिहास- Bharat Ka rahasyamay Itihaas

Maharaja Ranjit Singh and kohinoor


Maharaja Ranjit Singh and kohinoor

 

The Kōh-i Nūr which means “Mountain of Light” in Persian, also spelled Koh-i-noor, Koh-e Noor or Koh-i-Nur, is a 105 carat (21.6 g) diamond (in its most recent cut) that was once the largest known diamond in the world. The Kōh-i Nūr originated in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India along with its double, the Darya-i-noor (the “Sea of Light”). It has belonged to various Hindu, Mughal, Turkic, Afghan, Sikh and British rulers who fought bitterly over it at various points in history and seized it as a spoil of war time and time again. It was finally seized by the East India Company and became part of the British Crown Jewels when Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India in 1877.

Kohinoor

Maharaja Ranjit Singh was crowned ruler of Punjab and willed the Koh-i-noor to the Jagannath Temple in Orissa from his deathbed in 1839. But after his death the British administrators did not execute his will. On 29 March 1849, the British raised their flag on the citadel of Lahore and the Punjab was formally proclaimed to be part of the British Empire in India. One of the terms of the Treaty of Lahore, the legal agreement formalising this occupation, was as follows:

Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Kohinoor

The gem called the Koh-i-Noor which was taken from Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk by Maharajah Ranjit Singh shall be surrendered by the Maharajah of Lahore to the Queen of England.

The Governor-General in charge of the ratification for this treaty was Lord Dalhousie. More than anyone, Lord Dalhousie was responsible for the British acquiring the Koh-i-Noor, in which he continued to show great interest for the rest of his life. Dalhousie’s work in India was primarily aimed at appropriation of Indian assets for the use of the British East India Company. His acquisition of the diamond, amongst many other things, was criticized even by some of his contemporaries in Britain. Although some suggested that the diamond should have been presented as a gift to the Queen, it is clear that Dalhousie felt strongly that the stone was a spoil of war, and treated it accordingly. Writing to his friend Sir George Cooper[disambiguation needed] in August of 1849, he stated:

The Court [of the East India Company] you say, are ruffled by my having caused the Maharajah to cede to the Queen the Koh-i-noor; while the ‘Daily News’ and my Lord Ellenborough [Governor-General of India, 1841-44 are indignant because I did not confiscate everything to her Majesty… [My] motive was simply this: that it was more for the honour of the Queen that the Koh-i-noor should be surrendered directly from the hand of the conquered prince into the hands of the sovereign who was his conqueror, than it should be presented to her as a gift—which is always a favour—by any joint-stock company among her subjects. So the Court ought to feel.
Dalhousie arranged that the diamond should be presented by Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s young successor, Duleep Singh, to Queen Victoria in 1850. Duleep Singh was the youngest son of Ranjit Singh and his fifth wife Maharani Jind Kaur. Duleep, aged 13, travelled to the United Kingdom to present the jewel. The presentation of the Koh-i-Noor to Queen Victoria was the latest in the long history of transfers of the stone as a spoil of war. Duleep Singh had been placed in the guardianship of Dr Login. Login was a surgeon in the British Army who served in West Bengal, East India for some years and was a native of Southend, Stromness, Orkney Islands, Scotland. His family had run Login’s Inn in Stromness since the early 19th century. Dr Login, his wife Lena and the young Duleep Singh travelled to England for the purpose of presenting the Koh-i-Noor diamond to Queen Victoria.

In due course the Governor-General received the Koh-i-Noor from Login, who had been appointed Governor of the Citadel, the Royal Fort at Lahore, with the Royal Treasury, which Login valued at almost £1,000,000 (£81.6 million as of 2011), excluding the Koh-i-Noor, on 6 April 1848, under a receipt dated 7 December 1849, in the presence of the members of the Board of Administration—the local resident H.M. Lawrence, C.C. Mansel, John Lawrence, younger brother of H.M. Lawrence, and of Sir Henry Elliot, Secretary to the Government of India. The jewel was then sent to England in the care of John Lawrence, and C.C. Mansel for presentation to Queen Victoria, sailing from Bombay in HMS Medea under strict security arrangements.

Kohinoor and Maharaja

The ship had a difficult voyage—an outbreak of cholera on board when the ship was in Mauritius had the locals demanding its departure and they asked their governor to open fire and destroy the vessel if it did not respond. Shortly thereafter the vessel was hit by a severe gale that blew for some twelve hours. Legend in the Lawrence family has it that during the voyage, John Lawrence left the jewel in his waistcoat pocket when it was sent to be laundered, and it was returned promptly by the steward who found it.

On arrival in Britain the passengers and mail were unloaded in Plymouth, but the Koh-i-noor stayed on board until the ship reached Portsmouth, from where Lawrence and Mansel took the diamond to the East India House in the City of London and passed it into the care of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the EIC. The handing over of the Koh-i-Noor diamond to The Queen on 3 July 1850 as part of the terms of the conclusion of the Sikh War also coincided with the 250th anniversary of the EIC. Dr Login received a knighthood in 1854 from Queen Victoria and was known as Sir John Spencer Login (he had added the ‘r’ to his middle name to change it from Spence to Spencer). The diamond is now set into the crown worn by the female consort to Monarch of the United Kingdom, and is currently in the Crown of Queen Elizabeth (the late Queen Mother).

The Curse of the Koh-i-Noor

It is believed that the Koh-i-Noor carries with it a curse and only when in the possession of a woman will the curse not work. All the men who owned it have either lost their throne or had other misfortunes befall them. Queen Victoria is the only reigning monarch to have worn the gem. According to the legend, if the monarch is a male, the stone is passed to his spouse.

The possibility of a curse pertaining to ownership of the diamond dates back to a Hindu text relating to the first authenticated appearance of the diamond in 1306: “He who owns this diamond will own the world, but will also know all its misfortunes. Only God, or a woman, can wear it with impunity.” All the owners of the Koh-i-noor have had a tragedy befall them.

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